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Animal welfare during World War II

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Animal welfare during World War II

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(smile) the presence of "Anti-tobacco movement in Nazi Germany" in the 'See also' list may be a little surprising, but it is part of a right-wing correlation of Nazi policies, some progressive, some regressive, that have real or imaginary counterparts in the policies of the Left. The conclusion they draw from this is supposedly, that the Left is Nazi. It should be no surprise that modern people who were among the most cruel to people were kind to animals-this kind of compensation is easy, as uncomplicated animals are easier to love than people sometimes, and it can be seen in the culture of e.g. England, where even the English count themselves as cold, and standoffish to strangers, but pride themselves on being a nation of animal lovers. Well, they did ban fox hunting.

Animal welfare during World War II refers to the safety and wellbeing of animals during World War II.

Nazi Germany Edit

[[Wikipedia:File:Bundesarchiv Bild 102-13805, Hermann Göring.jpg|thumb|right|185px|Despite being a keen hunter, Göring announced in 1933 that those who still thought they could "continue to treat animals as inanimate property" would be sent to a Wikipedia:concentration camp.[1]]]

After the National Socialists came to power in 1933, Germany saw a series of new and changing laws, some of which included animal welfare.[2] The new Nazi government took many measures to ensure the health and protection of animals,[3] and several top Nazi chieftains such as Wikipedia:Adolf Hitler, Wikipedia:Heinrich Himmler, and Wikipedia:Hermann Göring were strongly opposed to the mistreatment of animals.[4][5][6][7] Animal welfare eventually became a top political issue within the Nazi state.[8] In fact, the current animal laws in Wikipedia:Germany are modified versions of those introduced by the Nazi's.[9]

When war broke out, in 1939, Germany had many Zoo's and millions of house pets. In the battles for Wikipedia:Poland, Wikipedia:France, and the Wikipedia:Soviet Union, millions of horses were used in large military campaigns.[10] However, as summer turned to winter in Wikipedia:Russia, an estimated 170,000 horses were killed by the bitter freezing temperatures outside Wikipedia:Moscow in between December 1941 – January 1942.[11] It's unknown exactly how many animals in Germany were overall killed during the war.[Note 1]

United Kingdom Edit

The United Kingdom had augmented its initial Cruelty to Animals Act of 1849 with an anti-vivisection law in 1876. Other animal welfare laws followed, and animal rights movements. During the Wikipedia:interwar period, the work of animal welfare charities gained acceptance for this cause.[12] But, as some animals, especially horses, donkeys, mules, and camels were considered very transport-useful in times of war, Britain, after the Wikipedia:Second Boer War (1899 – 1902), increased the use of such animals in the military up until the 1930s.[13][14]

[[Wikipedia:File:Rip Dicken Medal Dog IWM D 5937.jpg|left|thumb|225px|Rip, a dog that became famous during The Blitz for founding victims in the wrecked houses.[15]]]

In Wikipedia:London, the air raid-sirens sounded within minutes of Neville Chamberlain's announcement that hostilities had begun.[16] The city was to see some of the most heaviest German bombing of the war, which became known as "Wikipedia:The Blitz", in which an estimated 750,000 animals (mostly house pets) were killed.[17][18] In the aftermath of this, the so-called "Wikipedia:Dickin Medal" was created.[19] Described as "the animals Victory Cross" it was awarded to 53 animals (32 pigeons, 18 dogs and 3 horses) between 1943 – 1945.[20]

As a result of the weak British war economy, the army lacked modern military vehicles.[21] The notorious desert land and sandstorms of North Africa made it difficult for tanks and vehicles to get around. Therefore, the British forces employed some 6,500 horses, 10,000 mules, and 1,700 camels, and increased these numbers during the Wikipedia:Allied invasion of Italy by using local mules.[22][23]

United Sates Edit

Soviet Union Edit

Japan Edit

See also Edit

Wikipedia:Template:animal welfare

Notes Edit

  1. Arluke & Sanders 1996, p. 133.
  2. DeGregori 2002, p. 153.
  3. Arluke & Sanders 1996, p. 132.
  4. Arluke & Sanders 1996, p. 132.
  5. Proctor 1999, p. 5.
  6. Kitchen 2006, p. 278.
  7. Wilson, Bee (9 October 1998). "Mein Diat – Adolf Hitler's diet". New Statesman. UK: Wikipedia:Questia. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
  8. Proctor 1999, p. 5.
  9. Braun & Castree 1998, p. 92.
  10. Flitton 1994.
  11. Dunn 2005, p. 226.
  12. Gardiner, Andrew (16 January 2014). "The "Dangerous" Women of Animal Welfare: How British Veterinary Medicine Went to the Dogs". Wikipedia:Oxford University Press. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
  13. Dent 1978, p. 61-64.
  14. Gudmundsson 2004, p. 56.
  15. "Ilford Animal Cemetery". PDSA. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
  16. Martin 2008.
  17. Molland, Judy (19 October 2013). "Remembering the 750,000 Animal Casualties of World War II". Wikipedia:Care2. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
  18. Campbell, Clare (31 October 2013). "What happened to Britain's pets during the second World War". Wikipedia:Express. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
  19. "PDSA Dickin Medal". PDSA. http://www.pdsa.org.uk/about-us/animal-bravery-awards/pdsa-dickin-medal. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  20. "The Dickin Medal". Animals In War Memorial. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
  21. Jackson 2006, p. 138.
  22. Costelle & Clarke 2009.
  23. Army Medical Services Museum. "History of the Royal Army Veterinary Corps". RAVC History. Retrieved 30 July 2014.

ReferencesEdit

SourcesEdit


Wikipedia:Category:Animal welfare Wikipedia:Category:World War II


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