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Laredo, Texas UFO crash
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The Laredo, Texas UFO crash is a case in which at least two U.S. military aircraft allegedly chased a 90-foot-diameter (27 m) silver disc-shaped Wikipedia:Unidentified Flying Object (UFO) across Texas before watching the object crash approximately 30 miles (48 km) south-southwest of Wikipedia:Laredo, Texas on July 7, 1948. U.S. servicemen were reportedly dispatched from a nearby military base to cordon off the UFO crash site until a special U.S. retrieval team arrived to examine the wreckage and carry it away to a military base in Wikipedia:San Antonio, Texas. Supposedly, the badly burned body of a non-human entity was recovered from the crash site.
Wikipedia:Texas Monthly magazine recently included the Laredo UFO Crash on a list of the eight most significant UFO cases in Texas history. This case is said to have occurred almost exactly one year after the more famous Wikipedia:Roswell UFO Incident. Rumors about this case first began circulating in the 1950s, although details were not widely known until 1977. This case shares similarities with the Wikipedia:Del Rio, Texas UFO Crash of 1955 and the Wikipedia:Coyame UFO Incident of 1974, both of which reportedly also occurred along the Texas-Mexico border.
Original source of report Edit
According to Texas Monthly, talk of a UFO crash near Laredo first surfaced in the 1950s, with additional details being released in 1978 by the late Wikipedia:Leonard H. Stringfield, one of the first UFO researchers to advocate serious investigation of reported UFO crashes. Stringfield wrote, "In the Fall of 1977, new word of a 1948 crash came to me from a well-informed military source. His information, however, was scanty. He had heard from other "insider" military sources that a metallic disc had crashed somewhere in a desert region. His only details indicated that the craft had suffered severe damage on impact and was retrieved by military units."
Also in 1977, Stringfield received more information about the case from another UFO researcher, the late Todd Zechel. Stringfield wrote, "Formerly with the National Security Agency, Zechel stated that a Wikipedia:United States Air Force technician told him that his uncle, then a Provost Marshall at Wikipedia:Carswell Air Force Base near Wikipedia:Fort Worth, Texas, had taken part in the 1948 recovery of a crashed UFO, which was described as a metallic disc, 90 feet in diameter."
In a report presented at the Wikipedia:Mutual UFO Network (MUFON) Symposium on July 29, 1978, Stringfield stated that "one dead alien was found aboard the craft, which was described as about 4 feet, 6 inches tall, completely hairless, with hands that had no thumbs."
In December 1978, two photographs fitting Stringfield's description of the dead alien suddenly appeared in Maryland. The photos, along with a brief note about them, were received in the mail by Willard F. McIntyre, founder of a civilian UFO group called the Mutual Anomaly Research Center and Evaluation Network (MARCEN). The photos showed the badly burned body of a small biped with a large head and clawlike hands. The photos were purportedly sent by a retired U.S. Navy photographer from Tennessee who claimed to have taken them at a UFO crash site along the Texas-Mexico border in 1948.
McIntyre corresponded by mail with the unnamed former Navy photographer from 1978 through 1981 and learned more details about the Laredo crash, which McIntyre later disclosed to numerous civilian UFO organizations. McIntyre claimed that MARCEN had thoroughly checked out the photographer's military service record and had verified that he was who he claimed to be. McIntyre further claimed that the Wikipedia:Eastman Kodak company and the UFO group Ground Saucer Watch (GSW) had both independently verified that the negatives of the photos given to McIntyre in 1978 were approximately 30 years old.
The photos were first released to the media in April 1980 by Charles Wilhelm, director of the now-defunct Ohio Wikipedia:UFO Investigators League (OUFOIL), were picked up by the Wikipedia:Associated Press, and were published in a number of U.S. newspapers, including the Wikipedia:Cincinnati Enquirer (on April 29, 1980).
Initial sighting Edit
thumb|left|150px|Typical UFO disc of the 1950s. Based on a number of accounts published in the late 1970s and early 1980s, a large UFO was spotted in the airspace above Wikipedia:Albuquerque, New Mexico on the afternoon of July 7, 1948, moving at approximately 2,000 miles per hour. Stringfield said that the object "was tracked on radar screens", and other sources stated that the object at one point made a 90-degree turn before heading toward southwest Texas.
It is important to note that in the 1980s some UFO researchers confused this story with that of the Wikipedia:Del Rio, Texas UFO Crash of 1955, which also occurred along the Texas-Mexico border. Some of the early accounts of the Laredo crash, therefore, contain inaccuracies based on this confusion.
Jet intercept Edit
A number of UFO investigators have stated that, prior to crashing near Laredo, the UFO was chased across the skies of Texas by at least two military aircraft. Neither the type of aircraft nor the base from which they were dispatched is known. Schaffner referred to the aircraft as Lockheed Wikipedia:F-94 Starfire jets; however, the F-94 was not in use until 1949. It is possible that the actual aircraft involved were Lockheed Wikipedia:P-80 Shooting Star jets, of which the F-94 was a variant.
It is also not known if the pursuing aircraft might have contributed to the downing of the UFO by firing upon it or otherwise causing it to fall. However, there are numerous other documented cases of U.S. military aircraft firing upon UFOs during this time period.
UFO crash Edit
Stringfield wrote that the UFO crashed "about 30 miles inside the Mexican border across from Laredo, Texas, and was recovered by U.S. troops after it was tracked on radar screens." Ohio UFO investigator Ron Schaffner wrote, "At 1410 hours, other pilots in pursuit said the object was slowing down and was wobbling in flight. By 1429 hours, the object disappeared from all radar screens. Using triangulation from all the radar installations, it was determined that the object must have gone [sic] down in Mexico, approximately 30 miles south of Laredo, Texas.
The location of the crash was given more specifically in UFO Crash at Aztec: A Well-Kept Secret, a 1986 book by William S. Steinman and Wendelle C. Stevens. They wrote, "This site was about 30 miles SSW of Laredo, not far from the highway to Mexico City, and near where the Rio Sabinas joins the Rio Salado before they empty into the Rio Grande, in the Sierra Madre Oriental."
The crashed UFO was described by Steinman and Stevens as follows: "As best the source could ascertain, the craft was nearly perfectly circular and was about 90 feet in diameter and about 28 feet [8.5 m] in thickness at the center and tapering off to about 5 feet [1.5 m] thick at the perimeter. There appeared to be five or six levels in the center of the craft and they were told some sort of instrumentation and machinery were removed before they had arrived. No propulsion system or mechanism was apparent to the source."
Securing the crash site Edit
According to Stringfield's account of the Laredo case, a provost marshal stationed at Carswell Air Force Base near Fort Worth admitted that he had taken part in a mission to cordon off and secure the site where a UFO crashed to the Earth near Laredo, Texas in 1948. The marshal told his nephew, who later told UFO researcher Todd Zechel. Stringfield later wrote, "Zechel learned from his sources that the troops involved in the retrieval were warned that if they said a word about the incident, they would be the sorriest people around."
Steinman and Stevens later identified the eyewitness as John W. Bowen, who they said "was sent over to take immediate charge of cordoning off and controlling the area." According to the authors, after Bowen's group secured the area, a team was flown in from the missile range at Wikipedia:White Sands, New Mexico to photograph the crash site, and later, a convoy of large Army transport trucks removed the wreckage, taking it the San Antonio Air Depot for further study.
Burned body Edit
thumb|left|250px|A sketched version of a photograph from the crash site. The body described as "Tomato Man" is face down amidst debris. Left arm and claw-like hand are visible. Head is very large. Skin is mostly burned off. Early in 1978, Stringfield described the humanoid found at the crash site as "about 4 feet, 6 inches tall, completely hairless, with hands that had no thumbs." That description seemed to fit the body shown in two photographs that were mailed to MARCEN founder Willard F. McIntyre on December 1978. Shaeffner later described the body shown in the photos: "There was one body found within the craft. The photographers managed to get a series of pictures even though there was intense heat. When the object cooled down, the body was removed to a hill side and another series of pictures were taken. The body was said to be 4 feet 6 inches [1.4 m] long with a head extremely large compared to the torso."
In 1986, Steinman and Stevens added, "They [the military photographers] only saw and photographed one body but rumors were floating around the site that two or more creatures had been blown out of the vehicle and were captured and taken away injured severely but still alive. Our source said he had no confirmation of this aspect of the case. The body they photographed was 4' 6" long. Its head was extremely large for the body size by human proportions. The eyes were gone from the fire but the eye sockets were much larger than in humans and were almost wraparound as if to give 180-degree vision. There were no visible ears or nose, but there were openings where ears and nostrils would have been in humans. There were no lips and the mouth was just a sort of slit with no teeth or tongue. There were two legs of normal proportions with short feet having no discernible toes. The two arms were longer than in humans and the hands had four claw-like fingers each with no apparent thumbs. The arms and legs appeared to have joints in approximately the same places as in humans."
Shaeffner wrote, "Army doctors arrived on July 8 and performed an examination of the body. They could not find any reproductive organs. They compared the gray skin to the texture of a human female breast. The bone structure was more complicated than a human and no muscle fiber was discovered within the torso."
The body depicted in the photos sent to McIntyre has over the years come to be known as the "Tomato Man" due to its large, roundish head. Many UFO researchers, including Shaeffner and Kevin Randle, believe the body is that of a human pilot who was badly disfigured by intense heat following a plane crash. They argue that one of the photos shows a pair of eyeglasses, such as a human pilot would wear, near the body. Randle has classified the entire "Tomato Man" story as a "hoax."
Other researchers believe the body might be that of a monkey used as a test subject in a missile experiment. Still other UFO researchers argue that even if the "Tomato Man" photos are fakes, that does not necessarily invalidate the UFO crash incident itself, knowledge of which preceded the appearance of the photos.
thumb|right|175px|Physicist Luis W. Alvarez. Steinman and Stevens looked into a rumor that notable U.S. scientist Wikipedia:Luis W. Alvarez, now deceased, may have been involved in an investigation of the site where the Laredo UFO Crash occurred. Supposedly in July 1948, Alvarez and other top U.S. scientists were taken under circumstances of complete secrecy to a location in the Wikipedia:Sierra Madre Oriental mountains of Nuevo Leon, Mexico, which is the general vicinity of the alleged Laredo UFO Crash. Their mission was to "examine the residue on site of a crashed 100-foot-diameter [30 m] circular flying vehicle of unknown origin." As a scientist, Alvarez was noted for applying scientific principles to paranormal subjects. Steinman and Stevens contacted Dr. Alvarez in the late 1980s and asked whether he was involved in any investigations of crashed UFOs, but he refused to make any comment to them.
Wendelle Stevens Edit
UFO researcher Wendelle C. Stevens, whose 1986 book UFO Crash at Aztec: A Well-Kept Secret included a section about the Laredo crash, now believes that the UFO was a top-secret U.S. experimental aircraft and that the burned body was that of a large rhesus monkey. In a 2009 interview, Stevens said that, although he believes many UFO incidents do involve extraterrestrial spacecraft, he thinks the 1948 Laredo crash was really a secret experiment that originated at the White Sands, New Mexico missile range.
- Randle, Kevin D. A History of UFO Crashes. New York: Avon Books, 1995. Page 188. (ISBN 0-380-77666-9).
- Steinman, William S. and Wendelle C. Stevens. UFO Crash at Aztec: A Well-Kept Secret. Tucson, Arizona: UFO Photo Archives, 1986. Pages 402-422. (ISBN 0-93426905X).
- Torres, Noe and Ruben Uriarte. The Other Roswell: UFO Crash on the Texas-Mexico Border. RoswellBooks.com, 2008 (ISBN 978-0981759708).
- Torres, Noe and Ruben Uriarte. Mexico's Roswell: The Chihuahua UFO Crash. RoswellBooks.com, 2nd ed., 2008 (ISBN 978-0-9817597-1-5).
- Torres, Noe. Fallen Angel: UFO Crash Near Laredo, Texas. 2011 (ISBN 978-1466301955).
- Wood, Ryan S. Majic Eyes Only: Earth's Encounters with Extraterrestrial Technology. Broomfield, CO: Wood Enterprises, 2005 (ISBN 0-9772059-0-8).
- Documents related to Laredo UFO Crash hosted by UFOEvidence.org.
- WikiMedia map showing approximate location of Laredo UFO Crash, according to Steinman & Stevens.
- Web page of UFO researchers Ruben Uriarte and Noe Torres, who have written about other UFO incidents along the Texas-Mexico border.
- UFO Crash on the Texas-Mexico Border Talk by Torres and Uriarte on the Paranormalists radio show. (90 minutes) Wikipedia:MP3 audio on the Wikipedia:Internet Archive.
See also Edit
- Wikipedia:Del Rio, Texas UFO Crash
- Wikipedia:Coyame UFO Incident
- Wikipedia:Roswell UFO Incident
- Wikipedia:Aztec, New Mexico, UFO incident
- Wikipedia:List of major UFO sightings
- Wikipedia:List of alleged UFO crashes
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Steinman, William S.; Stevens, Wendelle C. (1986). "UFO Crash at Aztec: a Well-Kept Secret". UFO Photo Archives. Template:Citation/identifier.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Coloff, Pamela. "Close Encounters of the Lone Star Kind". Texas Monthly. http://www.texasmonthly.com/ranch/ufo/laredo.php. Retrieved 2009-03-11.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Stringfield, Leonard (1978). "Retrievals of the Third Kind — A Case Study of Alleged UFOs and Occupants in Military Custody". Self-published.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 Shaffner, Ron. "Tomato Man Revisited". UFO Evidence. http://www.ufoevidence.org/cases/case378.htm. Retrieved 2009-03-11. .
- ↑ Kinney, Terry. "Man Says He Has Proof Aliens Have Visited U.S.". UFO Evidence. http://www.ufoevidence.org/Cases/CaseSubarticle.asp?ID=379. Retrieved 2009-03-11. .
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 Torres, Noe; Uriarte, Ruben (2008). "The Other Roswell: UFO Crash on the Texas-Mexico Border". RoswellBooks.com. Template:Citation/identifier. http://www.roswellbooks.com/.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 Randle, Kevin (1995). "A History of UFO Crashes". Avon Books. Template:Citation/identifier.
- ↑ Stevens, Wendelle C. (March 15, 2009). "Personal interview".