As with most non-European cuisines, the rise in popularity of Indian food in English-speaking countries was concurrent with, if not moved significantly and specifically, by the larger hippy culture. Many types of foods in Indian cuisine (WP) are pickled. The ingredients in Indian pickles make them exotic in taste with various varieties of sweet, sour, salty, cooling, hot, etc.
Indian pickles are generally pickled with oil, vinegar, lemon juice or water. Indian pickles are often made into fresh relish and chutney, which provides additional flavors to food. Mangoes, gooseberries and lemons are examples of foods that are commonly pickled in Indian cuisine. Sometimes Indian families have their own unique pickle and chutney recipes that are handed-down through the generations.
While the term pickle is derived from the Dutch word pekel, meaning brine, the word for the chutney preserves that may be derived from pickles is a loan word derived from the Sanskrit word caṭnī, a term for a class of spicy preparations used as an accompaniment for a main dish. It is written differently in several Indo-Aryan and Dravidian languages (Marathi: चटणी, Tamil: காரத் துவையல்-karathuvaiyal, Kannada: ಚಟ್ನಿ, Hindi: चटनी, Urdu: چٹنی, Malayalam: ചമ്മന്തി, Telugu: పచ్చడి).
This is a list of common Indian pickles, which have a wide range of flavors and textures.
Amla pickle or Indian gooseberry pickle is a popular pickle in South Asia and India (WP). This spicy pickles are also available commercially. Gooseberries are a source of vitamin C, vitamin A, calcium and phosphorous. It is prepared by pressure cooking them and seasoned with mustard by heating oil. Later adding the gooseberries and all the other ingredients. They can be stored in a refrigerator and used for about 15 days.
Assorted pickles also referred as Mixed pickles is a also a popular mixed pickle in Indian cuisine. This pickle is also available commercially. It is prepared by boiling all the vegetables and cooking with the marinated ingredients together. 'Pachranga Achar', also a generic name for the category, is popular brand of assorted or mixed pickles in North India, based in Panipat, it has a turnover of over Rs 25-30 crore. 
Garlic pickle is a popular pickle in Andhra Pradesh. This spicy pickles are also available commercially. Garlic is an excellent source of dietary manganese. The sweetness is provided by jaggery. It is prepared by mixing the peeled garlic pods with mustard seeds and jaggery along with the pinch of salt.
Green chili pickleEdit
Spicy onion pickle is prepared by cutting the onions into pieces and rubbing salt over it and draining the excess water after one day and marinating with other spices for four or five days.
Raw mango and chickpea pickleEdit
Raw mango and chickpea pickle is a very popular pickle in India. This pickles are also available commercially. It is prepared by marinating grated raw mango with salt and turmeric powder for one day and mixing it with soaked chickpea and with other ingredients and using after four days.
Red chili pickleEdit
Red chili pickle is a very popular pickle in India. This spicy pickles are also available commercially. It is prepared by slitting the red chillies length-wise and stuffing fenugreek powder along with other ingredients and placing it in a closed porcelain jar for one month.
Sweet mango pickleEdit
Sweet mango pickle is a very popular pickle in India. This pickles are also available commercially. It is prepared by cutting the mangoes into pieces and adding sugar syrup over it, along with other ingredients and keeping it closed in jar under the sun till mangoes become soft.
Sweet sour lemon pickleEdit
- Main article: Wikipedia:Preserved lemon
Sweet sour lemon pickle is a very popular pickle in India. This sweet and sour pickles are also available commercially. It is prepared by cutting the lemons into halves and sprinkling salt and pouring sugar syrup over it and marinating it for one week.
Tomato pickle is a very popular pickle in Wikipedia:India. This spicy pickles are also available commercially. It is prepared by cooking ripe tomatoes and adding all the spices along with mustard powder.
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List of Indian pickles
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- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Jaffrey, Madhur (1973). "An Invitation to Indian Cooking". Knopf; distributed by Random House. pp. 225-228. http://books.google.com/books?id=jFyqJdn0qZMC&pg=PA227&dq=indian+pickle+relish&hl=en&sa=X&ei=HQ6RT8L5A4jliAKD-MzKAw&ved=0CHEQ6AEwCDgK#v=onepage&q=indian%20pickle%20relish&f=false. Retrieved April 20, 2012. ISBN 0394481720
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 Sahni, Julie (1980). "Classic Indian Cooking". Morrow. pp. 445-450. http://books.google.com/books?id=wC-xrLWouSIC&pg=PA446&dq=indian+pickle&hl=en&sa=X&ei=HO-QT7eJH4_SiAK8jZnMAw&ved=0CFgQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=indian%20pickle&f=false. Retrieved April 19, 2012. ISBN 0688037216
- ↑ Colleen Taylor Sen (2004). "Food Culture in India". Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 77. Template:Citation/identifier. http://books.google.co.in/books?id=YIyV_5wrplMC&pg=PA77&dq=pickles+in+india&hl=en&sa=X&ei=XSaET-vpAY3jtQbBu6DwBg&ved=0CHUQ6AEwCQ#v=snippet&q=Indian%20pickles%20come%20in&f=false.
- ↑ Skrabec, Quentin R. (2009). "H.J. Heinz: A Biography". McFarland & Co. pp. 120. http://books.google.com/books?id=PxqCy0R-VzAC&pg=PA120&dq=indian+pickle+relish&hl=en&sa=X&ei=9f-QT9CQB-bZiQLi-ZjOAw&ved=0CFMQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=indian%20pickle%20relish&f=false. Retrieved April 19, 2012. ISBN 9780786441785
- ↑ Amla (Gooseberry) Fruit, Triphala Powder, Indian Gooseberry
- ↑ Gooseberry Pickle / Nellikai Oorukai | 4th Sense Cooking
- ↑ Assorted Pickles recipe | Soup Recipes | Salad Recipes | by Tarla Dalal | Tarladalal.com | #394
- ↑ "Fakes put Pachranga Achar in a pickle". Wikipedia:Business Standard. May 25, 2007. http://www.business-standard.com/india/news/fakes-put-pachranga-achar-inpickle/285543/.
- ↑ Carrot Pickle Recipe
- ↑ Gourmet Garlic Gardens Preserving Garlic
- ↑ Green Chili Pickle Recipe
- ↑ Wright, Helen S. (1912). "The New England Cook Book". Duffield & company. pp. 232-234. http://books.google.com/books?id=voIEAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA232&dq=indian+pickle&hl=en&sa=X&ei=uveQT7PhGcaRiQLrqMHBAw&ved=0CFYQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=indian%20pickle&f=false. Retrieved April 19, 2012. OCLC number: 3889790
- ↑ "Cassell's Dictionary of Cookery". Cassell, Petter, Galpin & Co.. pp. 327. http://books.google.com/books?id=FykBAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA327&dq=indian+pickle&hl=en&sa=X&ei=uveQT7PhGcaRiQLrqMHBAw&ved=0CGcQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=indian%20pickle&f=false. Retrieved April 19, 2012.
- ↑ Spicy Onion Pickle Recipe - How To Make Spicy Onion Pickle - Spicy Onion Pickle Receipe
- ↑ Pickled Baby Onions and Garlic recipe | Achaar Recipes | Paratha Recipes | by Tarla Dalal | Tarladalal.com | #3412
- ↑ Recipes India - Onion Pickle Recipe - NewKerala Recipes, Cooking Tips
- ↑ Stuffed Red Chilli Pickle Recipe - How To Make Stuffed Red Chilli Pickle - Stuffed Red Chilli Pickle Receipe
- ↑ Sweet Mango Pickle Recipe - How To Make Sweet Mango Pickle - Sweet Mango Pickle Receipe
- ↑ Sweet And Sour Lemon Pickle Recipe - How To Make Sweet And Sour Lemon Pickle - Sweet And Sour Lemon Pickle Receipe
- ↑ Tomato Pickle Recipe