This is part of the List of US military operations (WP) for the hippie years, formative years, and legacy years of the period 1960-1980. In all, in the period after WWII until the end of the century, the US invaded ten countries, two of them twice and one of them three times, and arranged or supported 19 coups d'état. There was not one single year in which a CIA or US military operation of detriment to the sovereignty of other nations was not conducted.

It was the revelation of the Pentagon Papers (WP) in 1971 that turned the tide of public opinion and made it possible for many of these secret operations to be discovered, much as the WikiLeaks revelations did years later.

Years Country Estimated Casualties Notes
1948-present Europe, in particular NATO countries Operation Gladio (Wikipedia:Operation Gladio) US sleeper cells in NATO countries and throughout Europe, still continuing
1960 Democratic Republic of the Congo CIA coup
1961 Angola A small proportion of the 2 million lives lost in the entire 40yr. conflict 1961-2002[1] John F. Kennedy agrees with anti-communist MPLA splinter faction leaders to back the formation of the NFLA. Nuclear missiles deployed in Turkey
1962 Cuba United States embargo against Cuba, Cuban missile crisis, the year after US missiles had been placed in Turkey, and three years after the Bay of Pigs
1963 Iraq CIA coup
1963 Dominican Republic Operation Powerpack ""We don't propose to sit here in a rocking chair with our hands folded and let the Communist set up any government in the western hemisphere" - Lyndon Johnson
1964 Brazil CIA coup
1964 Laos 70000 Napalm
1965 Viet Nam First overt US combat troops in Viet Nam; like the 'military advisors' before them,
their presence was a breach of the 1954 Geneva Agreements
1966 Republic of Ghana CIA coup
1966 Indonesia 500,000 anti-Communist purges[2] Wikipedia:Indonesian killings of 1965–1966
1967 Guatemala Napalm
1968 Iraq CIA coup
1970 Cambodia 150000[3] Carpet bombing
1970 Vietnam 10000[4] Chemical weapons, Operation Ranch Hand
1971 Laos Backed by American air and artillery support, South Vietnamese troops invade Laos
1972 Viet Nam Although by no means the first heavy bombing campaign, even in 1972, the Christmas bombing of N. Viet Nam drew criticism in part because the public for once did not fail to notice its disparity with the widespread reporting that the US was getting out of the war
1973 Chile CIA coup
1973-1974 Afghanistan CIA coup
1973-1975 Iraq Kurdish rebels The CIA colludes with Mohammad Reza Pahlavi to finance and arm Kurdish rebels in an attempt to overthrow Iraq's Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr.[5][6]
1975 East Timor 100,000 Wikipedia:Indonesian occupation of East Timor (see ETAN)
1975 Southern South America[7] 60,000,[8] possibly more[9][10][11] Operation Condor (Wikipedia:Operation Condor)
1976 Argentina CIA coup
1978-1980s Afghanistan CIA
1980- Angola A small proportion of the 2 million lives lost in the entire 40yr. conflict 1961-2002[1] The Reagan adminstration arms the anti-communist NFLA with Stinger missiles, removing the same air superiority that the US had enjoyed in Viet Nam. In the end, the US and allies in the region (at the time, forces backed by apartheid South Africa) have sole strategic control over Angola's oil and Namibia's uranium resources that continues to this day
1980-1988 Cambodia 1.2 million[12] Ronald Reagan authorizes support for vestiges of the Khmer Rouge to destabilize Cambodia's government and oust the Viet Namese occupation forces supporting them.[13] The US would return to finish the next half of the plan in 1991
1980 Iran CIA
1980 Libya 15 Bombing[14]
1980 Turkey CIA

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See also Edit

External links Edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 U.S. policy in postcolonial Africa: four case studies in conflict resolution by Festus Ugboaja Ohaegbulam
  2. Robert Cribb, ed. The Indonesian Killings of 1965-1966: Studies from Java and Bali (Clayton, Vic: Monash papers on Southeast Asia, no. 21, 1990), p.12
  3. Flagrancy to Reason
  4. Statistics of Democide, Chapter 6, Statistics Of Vietnamese Democide: Estimates, Calculations, And Sources, By R.J. Rummel
  5. Hitchens, Christopher, "The Ugly Truth About Gerald Ford", Slate
  6. Safire, William (2003-03-03). "The Kurdish Ghost". The New York Times. 
  7. The Wikipedia:Southern Cone of Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Paraguay, Bolivia and Brazil
  8. Victor Flores Olea. "Editoriales - El Universal - 10 de abril 2006 : Operacion Condor" (in Spanish). El Universal (Mexico). Retrieved 2009-03-24. 
  9. "Centro de Documentación y Archivo para la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos". Retrieved 2007-06-25. 
  10. J. Patrice McSherry (2002). "Tracking the Origins of a State Terror Network: Operation Condor". 36–60. 
  11. "2006: el ocaso de los “cóndores mayores”". La Nación. 2007-12-13. Retrieved 2007-06-25. 
  12. R. J. Rummel,
  13. Cambodia at a Crossroads by Michael Johns, The World and I magazine, February 1988
  14. Wikipedia:1986 Bombing of Libya

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