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World bank's green growth and sustinable development project in Himachal Pradesh India

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The Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project (MHWDP) is a land husbandry initiative in Wikipedia:Himachal Pradesh, India that aims by means of Wikipedia:green growth and Wikipedia:sustainable development to establish a functionally tenable Wikipedia:watershed. MHWDP has started to reverse several decades of degradation of the Wikipedia:natural resource base including forests, and has achieved improved agricultural yields and productivity, and raised rural household incomes. It includes the Himachal Pradesh Reforestation Project (HPRP), the world’s largest Wikipedia:clean development mechanism (CDM) project.

BackgroundEdit

The Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project (MHWDP) covers 222,951 ha in the watersheds of Mid-Himalayan region in the Siwalik hills between 600 to 1800 metres above mean sea level.[1] It encompasses the catchment for three major rivers of Northern India, the Ravi, Wikipedia:Beas and Wikipedia:Sutlej, and 11 watershed divisions in 10 districts.[1]

MHWDP is an administrative unit of the Department of Forests of the Wikipedia:Government of Himachal Pradesh.[1] MHWDP stakeholders are the Department of Forests, local Wikipedia:Gram Panchayats (GPs) and the Wikipedia:World Bank.[1]

HPRF, also called the HP Bio-Carbon Reforestation Project-Improving Livelihoods and Watersheds,[2] is a subproject of the MHWDP[2] that implements Afforestation and Reforestation Clean Development Mechanism (A/R CDM) activities, initially on 4,003.07 ha[1] but subsequently expanded to aprx (exact?) 10,000 ha of degraded lands.[3]

HRPF was registered with the UNFCCC 30 Jun 2011 (or whenever...)[4]

OverviewEdit

Template:Expand section Add overview of MHWMP / HPRP

The A/R CDM project is developed under the umbrella of the World Bank funded MHWD Project and it expected to sequester 828,016 tCO2-e of tCERs

[Certified Emission Reduction]s (tCER)

over the first crediting period of 20-years at the rate of 10.34 tCO2-e/ha/year.

expand : [Carbon dioxide equivalent]

AchievementsEdit

MHWDP has enabled over 200 km of irrigation channels as well as over 6,000 water harvesting tanks, over 1,000 ponds, nearly 300 dams and over 260 lift or gravity irrigation schemes, and has converted about 9,000 hectares of rain-fed land into irrigated acreage, benefiting some 100,000 families.[5][6]

At mid-term review in November, 2009, the project had already surpassed its end-of-project target of 50 per cent increased agricultural yield, including paddy (236 percent), maize (163 per cent), and wheat (90 per cent) ... milk up 11%... [ref]

FinancingEdit

The World Bank and Himachal Pradesh state government project is financed by a credit from the Wikipedia:International Development Association (IDA), the Wikipedia:World Bank's concessionary lending arm.[ref]

The green development loan is for $200 million USD.[7][8] The loan agreement was signed between the World Bank and the state government in New Delhi on 28 July 2012.[8] Funding consists of a 90 per cent grant and a 10 per cent loan at interest rate of 0.7 per cent (payable in 30 years).[8]

Although only 1 of 76 projects and just 200 million USD of World Bank's USD 23 billion portfolio in India[9], HPRF is the world’s largest and India's first Wikipedia:clean development mechanism (CDM) project.[10] The United Nations has registered MHWDP for carbon trading scheme under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.[11] The bank will buy carbon credits from the new forests being developed.[10]

Himachal carbon credit project to be replicated in other states April 9, 2012[11] "...After getting the Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project registered with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Himachal Pradesh has become the first state in India to implement the clean development mechanism (CDM) project. Under the project, world’s largest..."

WB project to cover 102 more villages Rakesh Lohumi Tribune News Service June 12 2012[12]

Externally Aided Projects in Himachal Pradesh [13]

The project got approval on September 6, 2012 and the proposed closing date of this project is September 30, 2013.[ref]


External linksEdit

References Edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Project Design Document for Project Activities (CDM-AR-PDD) for India: Himachal Pradesh Reforestation Project – Improving Livelihoods and Watersheds; Version 07. Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Executive Board, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). (3 Feb 2011)[1]
  2. 2.0 2.1 Approval letter for HP Bio-Carbon Reforestation Project-Improving Livelihoods and Watersheds. Government of Himachal Pradesh Department of Forests. (16 April, 2009) [2]
  3. Needs ref
  4. Project 4174 : India: Himachal Pradesh Reforestation Project – Improving Livelihoods and Watersheds. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) [3]
  5. World Bank grants additional $37m for HP mid-Himalayan watershed project The Pioneer 28 SEPTEMBER 2012 [4]
  6. World Bank approves loan of $37 million for Himachal. New York Daily News Sep 28, 2012 [5]
  7. World Bank gives $200 million loan to Himachal Pradesh for green development Times of India Jul 28, 2012 [6]
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 TITLE (30 Jul 2012) [7]
  9. TITLE (26 Sep 2012) [8]
  10. 10.0 10.1 TITLE ETC May 27, 2011 [9]
  11. Himachal's afforestation plan, Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project for carbon trading scheme, gets UN nod The Times of India Jul 17 2011[10]

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