Night flying imposes conditions with additional difficulties on passengers and pilots, with attendant legal restrictions.
Many countries do not allow civilian aircraft to fly at night under Visual Flight Rules, and require pilots to be Instrument Rated to fly at night.
Flight paths are restricted, there may be prohibitions against takeoffs and/or landings, and/or ground operations such as engine runups or taxiing.
|This article contains content from Wikipedia|
An article on this subject has been nominated
for deletion at Wikipedia:
Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/
Night flight in the UK
Current versions of the GNU FDL article on WP may contain information useful to the improvement of this article
The UK does not allow civilian aircraft to fly at night, However, unlike many countries with a similar night VFR ban it does not require pilots to be instrument rated.
According to CAA FCL form SRG\1126 (current September 2006), a minimum of 5 hours night time flight is required for a night qualification. Of these 5 hours, at least 3 hours must be dual instruction and at least 1 hour must be cross-country navigation. In addition to the flight time requirements, a minimum of 5 solo take-offs and 5 solo full-stop landings are also required. Touch-and-goes are permitted at night, but the solo training requirement is for full-stop landings; the aircraft must come to a complete halt before taking off again for each circuit completed during the solo part of the training. The minima specified apply only to the aeroplane night qualification. The requirements for helicopter night qualification are far more stringent and include a minimum of 100 hours post-PPL(H) experience as pilot of helicopters. The night qualification permits flight at night under Instrument Flight Rules in Visual Meteorological Conditions outside controlled airspace. It is important to stress this: the qualification does not allow the pilot to enter Instrument meteorological conditions, it merely shows that the pilot has done sufficient basic instrument flight training to fly on clear nights.
The Night Qualification only allows night flight under IFR outside controlled airspace. Access to airports inside controlled airspace by aircraft flying visually is obtained by flying under Special VFR within the airport's control zone.
- Wikipedia:Barany chair
- Wikipedia:Air India Flight 855
- Wikipedia:John F. Kennedy, Jr.#Death
- Wikipedia:Spatial disorientation
- Night VFR consultation
Night flying restrictions Edit
Regulations or legislation are imposed by governing bodies to limit the ground-perceived exposure to aircraft noise during the night hours, when the majority of residents are trying to sleep. Such regulations may include restrictions to available flight paths, or prohibitions against takeoffs, or prohibitions against takeoffs and landings, or prohibitions against ground operations (engine runups or taxiing).
European airports Edit
Wikipedia:Wikipedia:File:Nachtflugbeschraenkungen.jpgExample: Night flying restrictions at German airports
Night flying restrictions, commonly known as curfews, are common at airports in Europe.
Situation at London airports Edit
The night restrictions for Heathrow, Gatwick and Stansted define a night period, 2300-0700 hours, and a night quota period, 2330–0600 hours. During the night period, the noisiest types of aircraft (classified as QC/4 QC/8 or QC/16) may not be scheduled to land or to take off (other than in the most exceptional circumstances). In addition, during the night quota period movements by most other types of aircraft (including the new QC/0.25 category) will be restricted by a movements limit and a noise quota, which are set for each season.
Red-eye flight Edit
|This article contains content from Wikipedia. Current versions of the GNU FDL article|
on WP may contain information useful to the improvement of this article
A red-eye flight is any flight departing late at night and arriving early the next morning. The term red-eye derives from the fatigue symptom of having red eyes, which can be caused or aggravated by late-night travel.
A red-eye flight typically moves east during the night hours. It departs late at night, lasts only about three to five hours, an insufficient period to get fully rested in flight, and due to forward time zone changes the aircraft lands around dawn. As a result, many travelers are unable to get sufficiently rested before a new day of activity. From a marketing standpoint, the flights allow business travelers an opportunity to migrate eastward without having an impact on a full business day.
Most eastward transatlantic crossings from North America to Europe are operated overnight, but are generally not viewed as red-eye flights since they depart early in the evening and last at least seven hours. A full night's rest is theoretically possible as this is close to the seven to nine hours of nightly sleep recommended by the US Wikipedia:National Sleep Foundation.
- Asia. Wikipedia:All Nippon Airways and Wikipedia:Japan Airlines used to operate red-eye flights from Hong Kong to Tokyo's Haneda, but they have changed to daytime flight since 2010 Wikipedia:W10Template:Clarify. For Japanese red-eye flights, Wikipedia:Cathay Pacific operates one each to Tokyo Narita and Osaka. Wikipedia:Asiana, Wikipedia:Korean Air as well as Wikipedia:Cathay Pacific operate red-eye flights from Hong Kong to Incheon near Seoul as well as Busan by Wikipedia:Asiana and Wikipedia:Dragonair. Cathay Pacific also operates such flights from Hong Kong to Australia such as Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane and Cairns and recently to Singapore and Kuala Lumpur, while have red-eye service from Jakarta to Hong Kong, and many flights from Southeast Asia to Japan and Korea. All depart during evenings or around midnights, and land at the destinations in the early morning. Flights that leave India and Southwest Asia at night between 11 P.M. and 1 A.M. arrive in Wikipedia:Singapore, Wikipedia:Bangkok, and Wikipedia:Kuala Lumpur between 5 A.M. and 8:30 A.M. Wikipedia:Philippine Airlines also operates red-eye flights from Singapore and Bangkok back to Manila. That airline, along with Korean Airlines and Asiana Airlines have regular late-night flights from Manila to Seoul. In addition, both Wikipedia:Asiana's and Wikipedia:Korean Air's return flights from Wikipedia:Kota Kinabalu depart at around midnight Malaysian time and arrive at Incheon by 0700 hours Korean time  for the convenience of Malaysian tourists, who are then able to commence sightseeing immediately. In addition, Japanese and Korean air carriers always have flights from Wikipedia:Kuala Lumpur, Wikipedia:Bangkok and Wikipedia:Singapore to Northeast Asian destinations like Tokyo, Osaka, Seoul, and Wikipedia:Busan
- Australia. The majority of transcontinental flights are operated during the day, but as of 2010 red-eye flights operate from Perth to Wikipedia:Sydney, Wikipedia:Brisbane, Wikipedia:Cairns, Wikipedia:Canberra and Wikipedia:Melbourne, and from Darwin to Wikipedia:Sydney, Wikipedia:Brisbane and Wikipedia:Melbourne. Red-eye flights have previously operated from Australia to Wikipedia:New Zealand and Wikipedia:Fiji. Red-eye flights to Australia operate from various locations in South-East Asia.
- Brazil. Wikipedia:TAM Airlines and Wikipedia:Gol Transportes Aéreos both offer red-eye flights, called Big Owl (Template:Lang-pt) flights in Wikipedia:Brazil, with over fifty different routes throughout Brazil, all departing between 10 pm and 6 am.
- Europe. A few overnight flights from Europe to the Middle East and to Russia were being operated in 2009, all of which had a flight time of three to six hours and departed in mid-evening, arriving around dawn the next day. In 2012, multiple travel agencies offer budget nightflights from the Canary Islands to the mainland of Europe, also generally having a three to six hour flight time.
- Russia. Russian airlines operate similar to U.S. airlines by connecting Moscow to Wikipedia:Yakutsk, Wikipedia:Irkutsk, and Wikipedia:Vladivostok with overnight red-eye flights. Russian transcontinental flights only last 5 to 8 hours but due to the northerly latitude the flights can cross as many as 8 time zones during this interval, drastically shortening the overnight experience. The flights depart Moscow around 6 pm and arrive at the eastern cities around 6 am the next day. One of the current examples of red-eye flight is Aeroflot's SU783 from Moscow to Magadan, departing 23:05 Moscow time and arriving 15:00 Magadan time on next day (flight lasts 8 hours, and so is time difference).
- United States and Canada. Red-eye flights connect West Coast cities to Central and East Coast cities. These typically depart the west coast around 10pm to 12am local, have a flight time of 3–5 hours but lose two to three hours due to time zone changes, and arrive around 5 am- 7am. Red-eye flights also connect Hawaii and Alaska with West Coast mainland cities.
Other meanings Edit
The term can refer to any overnight flight which travels in the direction similar to Wikipedia:Earth's rotation (i.e. eastwards). The term may also be used to refer to many long-distance international flights which are long, even though the aircraft may never travel through a time zone that is in darkness.
Historical availability Edit
In the 1930s and 1940s, red-eye flights were not possible, as most Wikipedia:airports did not have the equipment necessary to work at night. There are still airports that do not function after certain hours, or have curfews for noise reasons, limiting the number of airports from which red-eye flights can depart.
|This article may contain material from Wikipedia|
An article on this subject has been redirected
to another page on WP:
Current versions of the GNU FDL article on Wikipedia may contain information useful to the improvement of this article
In fiction Edit
- ↑ 
- ↑ http://us.flyasiana.com/Global/US/en/homepage?fid=TICKET14000
- ↑ Gol pede autorização permanente para operar vôo noturno Folha Online. Retrieved on April 07, 2009.
- ↑ TAM lança ofertas corujão a partir de R$ 79,50 Rotas e Trilhas. Retrieved on April 07, 2009.
- ↑ http://www.alaskaair.com/as/www2/flights/RePrintableTimetable.asp