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Pakistan Zindabad

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Pakistan Zindabad (Nastaliq-پاکستان زندہ باد; lit. Long Live Pakistan) is a slogan used by Wikipedia:Pakistanis to express victory, patriotism or as a prayer.[1] It is notably used in political or national speeches.[2] Its use started even before the creation of Pakistan, during the later phase of the Wikipedia:Pakistan Movement.[3] The slogan became a Wikipedia:battle cry and greeting for the Muslim League, which was striving for independence for the Muslims of the Wikipedia:Indian subcontinent, when the Wikipedia:World War II ended and the independence movement geared up.[4] During Wikipedia:Partition of India the slogan was raised when the trains transporting the Muslims entered Pakistan.[5]

EtymologyEdit

The slogan is the use of typical Wikipedia:Urdu and Persian suffix Wikipedia:Zindabad (Long Live) that is placed after a person or a country name. It is used to express victory, patriotism or as a prayer.[2][6] Literally Pakistan Zindabad means Long Live Pakistan and sometimes is also used to say Victory to Pakistan.[4]

HistoryEdit

The Pakistan Zindabad slogan was first raised during Pakistan Movement. Muslims at that time had written the slogan on their handkerchiefs and pillows.[7] The slogan was equally heard as Wikipedia:Jai Hind during a visit by British parliamentary delegation led by Robert Richards to Wikipedia:Delhi, after the British government decided to leave India.[8] On 23 December 1940, the Bihar Muslim Student Federation, passed a resolution to adapt Pakistan Zindabad as their national slogan at every meeting, conference and gathering.[9] In 1941 during the days of Pakistan Movement, Muhammad Ali Jinnah on a visit to Ootacamund was received by a crowd of Muslims chanting Pakistan Zindabad, among them was a young boy of about 10 years age, who was scantily clothed. Jinnah called him and asked, "You were shouting Pakistan Zindabad, what do you know about Pakistan?" The boy replied, "I do not know very much about Pakistan. I only know that Pakistan means Muslim rule where many Muslims live, and Hindu rule where Hindus live," to which Jinnah observed that his message had reached to the people and remarked that now the struggle for Pakistan was unstoppable.[10] During partition of India the cry of Pakistan Zindabad was raised by the locals to welcome the refugees coming to Pakistan.[11] The refugees also raised the cry in jubilation when they crossed the border.[12][13]

The slogans of Pakistan Zindabad and its counter part, Wikipedia:Hindustan Zindabad, notably found negative usage in the partition riots.[14]

On 14 August 1947, Wikipedia:Muhammad Ali Jinnah's motorcade was welcomed with the shouts of Pakistan Zindabad, Wikipedia:Quaid-e-Azam Zindabad and flower petals all along his way from Governor General's residence to Constituent Assembly building and back, where he attended Proclamation of Independence and Pakistan flag hoisting ceremony.[15]

IndiaEdit

In 1947, during the First Kashmir War, an outpost of the Jammu and Kashmir State force that were under the operational control of Wikipedia:Indian Army,[16] reported cries of Pakistan Zindabad coming from Haji Pir Pass. Assuming that the pass was occupied by Pakistanis the Jammu and Kashmir State forces withdrew from the area and burnt a strategically important bridge, later coming to know of the false alarm and the men were the friendly forces of the Indian Army occupying the pass, who were cut off from Wikipedia:Poonch after the bridge was blown away.[17]

A Brass merchant shop at Wikipedia:Moradabad was raided by Wikipedia:Indian Police on 6 July 1948, upon getting information that the shop has utensils with "Pakistan Zindabad" markings on them.[18] Two of the instances where it was reported about the raising of slogan; the first instance was in 1956, during the Muharram Processions, due to some communal inconvenience, the Muslim youths raised the slogan Pakistan Zindabad, the second instance was also the same year (1956) when a procession was organized by the students of Wikipedia:Aligarh Muslim University in protest against a book Religious Leaders, published by Wikipedia:Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, though raising of any anti-nationalism slogan was denied by Wikipedia:Maulana Abul Kalam Azad in the Indian parliament.[19][20]

Jammu and KashmirEdit

The slogan has also been raised in Wikipedia:Jammu and Kashmir (or Wikipedia:Indian-administered Kashmir.[21][22][23][24]).[25] In 1985, a Kashmiri was detained by the local police on a number of charges including raising of the slogan "Pakistan Zindabad", which was called an anti-national and provocative slogan.[26] On 13 October 1983, during a limited over cricket match between West Indies and India at Wikipedia:Sher-i-Kashmir Stadium, Wikipedia:Srinagar, spectators, including a group of spectators consisting of members of the Jamait-Tuleba the student wing of the Jamaat-e-Islami, cheered India's defeat with Pakistan Zindabad cries.[27][28]

Notable usage Edit

Political Edit

The Saudi King Abdullah Bin Abdul Aziz in a meeting with Chief of Army Staff Wikipedia:Ashfaq Pervez Kayani repeatedly raised the slogan to show his friendship with Pakistan, during his visit to country in 2009.[29]

National days Edit

  • Independence Day slogans – closely related to independence.[30] The slogan is used in speeches, rallies taken out on this day across the world, where Pakistanis celebrate the day.[31]

Sports Edit

Media Edit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Henna Rakheja May, 15, 2012, DHNS (2012-05-14). "Manto brought to life". Deccanherald.com. http://www.deccanherald.com/content/249463/manto-brought-life.html. Retrieved 2012-06-06. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Pakistan, India have no option but to promote peace: Shahbaz". Thenews.com.pk. http://www.thenews.com.pk/Todays-News-13-14444-Pakistan-India-have-no-option-but-to-promote-peace-Shahbaz. Retrieved 2012-06-06. 
  3. Wolpert, Stanley (3 September 2009). "Shameful Flight: The Last Years of the British Empire in India". Oxford University Press. p. 18. Template:Citation/identifier. http://books.google.com/books?id=uJHTif-WA6oC&pg=PA18. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Stanley Wolpert (12 October 1999). "India". University of California Press. pp. 103–104. Template:Citation/identifier. http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=nHnOERqf-MQC&pg=PA104#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 22 June 2012. 
  5. Marian Aguiar (4 March 2011). "Tracking Modernity: India's Railway and the Culture of Mobility". University Of Minnesota Press. p. 86. Template:Citation/identifier. http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=jpxjXZL6rNsC&pg=PA86#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 22 June 2012. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "International XI v Asia XI, Toronto: Fans' enthusiasm shields farcical organisation of Toronto T20 | Canada Cricket Features". ESPN Cricinfo. http://www.espncricinfo.com/canada/content/current/story/564854.html. Retrieved 2012-06-06. 
  7. Debadutta Chakravarty (2003). "Muslim Separatism and the Partition of India". New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers and Distributors. p. 115. Template:Citation/identifier. http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=lKZMsbNeGmIC&pg=PA115#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 24 June 2012. 
  8. Stanley Wolpert (28 Nivember 2002). "Gandhi's Passion: The Life and Legacy of Mahatma Gandhi". USA: Oxford University Press. pp. 216. Template:Citation/identifier. http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=UXzdibsUYjgC&pg=PA216#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  9. "Bihar's Muslim Students' Slogan: Pakistan Zindabad". Patna. 27 December 1940. 8. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=PM0-AAAAIBAJ&sjid=YEwMAAAAIBAJ&pg=1439,2951942. Retrieved 24 June 2012. 
  10. Mohammad Ali Jinnah (1992). "The nation's voice, towards consolidation : speeches and statements / Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah". In Waheed Ahmad. Karachi: Quaid-i-Azam Academy. pp. 255–256. Template:Citation/identifier. 
  11. Gyanendra Pandey (14 January 2002). "Remembering Partition: Violence, Nationalism and History in India". Cambridge University Press. p. 150. Template:Citation/identifier. http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=ZdLhnFet4w4C&pg=PA150#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 24 June 2012. 
  12. M. Zahir (4 November 2009). "1947: A Memoir of Indian Independence". Trafford Publishing. p. 93. Template:Citation/identifier. http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=TdlikbiWZIQC&pg=PA93#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  13. S. Akhtar Ehtisham (1 October 2008). "A Medical Doctor Examines Life on Three Continents, A Pakistani View". Algora Publishing. p. 40. Template:Citation/identifier. http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=TNNMoORpiTcC&pg=PA40#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  14. Ritu Menon; Kamla Bhasin (1998). "Borders & Boundaries: Women in India's Partition". Rutgers University Press. p. 43. Template:Citation/identifier. http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=yNN4SE7cL60C&pg=PA43&dq=Hindustan+Zindabad&hl=en&sa=X&ei=IlbPT7yGN8_prQe0tMCjDA&ved=0CEcQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=Hindustan%20Zindabad&f=false. 
  15. Mian Atta Rabbani (2006). "My Years in Blue Uniform". Karachi: PAF Book Club. pp. 79–81. 
  16. K. C. Praval (August 2009). "Indian Army After Independence". Lancer Publishers. p. 129. Template:Citation/identifier. http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=4p8tHVpzbGUC&pg=PA129#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 15 July 2012. 
  17. L. P. Sen (1 January 1994). "Slender Was the Thread". Orient Longman. p. 123. Template:Citation/identifier. http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=lYHXmx4cOUsC&pg=PA123#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  18. "Brass Engraved Slogans". Moradabad. 8 July 1948. 1. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=j9I-AAAAIBAJ&sjid=k0wMAAAAIBAJ&pg=6064%2C673707. Retrieved 24 June 2012. 
  19. Qamar Hassan (February 1988). "Muslims in India: Attitudes Adjustments and Reactions". Northern Book Centre. p. 77. Template:Citation/identifier. http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=GXryl8xgQ5UC&pg=PA77#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 21 June 2012. 
  20. Paul R. Brass (15 May 2011). "The Production Of Hindu-Muslim Violence In Contemporary India". University of Washington Press. pp. 76–77. Template:Citation/identifier. http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=QRxmxMttBScC&pg=PA76#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 22 June 2012. 
  21. "General strike hits Indian-administered Kashmir". Press TV.Ir. 2012-04-07. http://www.presstv.ir/detail/2012/04/07/235115/general-strike-indianadministered-kashmir/. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 
  22. "BURIED EVIDENCE:". Kashmir Process.Org. 2009-12-02. http://kashmirprocess.org/. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 
  23. "Indian-administered Kashmir on strike after US sentences Fai". 2012-04-17. http://dawn.com/2012/04/07/indian-administered-kashmir-on-strike-after-us-sentences-fai/. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 
  24. GreaterKashmir.com (Greater Service) (2012-05-29). "Please read the report is all I can say Lastupdate:- Tue, 29 May 2012 18:30:00 GMT". Greaterkashmir.com. http://www.greaterkashmir.com/news/2012/May/29/-please-read-the-report-is-all-i-can-say--12.asp. Retrieved 2012-06-06. 
  25. Jagmohan (January 2006). "My Frozen Turbulence in Kashmir". Allied Publisher. p. 2. Template:Citation/identifier. http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=CWjLtfi-ssIC&pg=PA2#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 6 June 2012. 
  26. "Kashmir Under Siege". Human Rights Watch. 31 December 1991. p. 119. Template:Citation/identifier. http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=jrGwSsSchRUC&pg=PA119#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 6 June 2012. 
  27. K.R. Wadhwaney (1 December 2005). "Indian Cricket Controversies". Ajanta Books International. p. 332. Template:Citation/identifier. http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=wJf6NuadRWEC&pg=PA332#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  28. Victoria Schofield (18 January 2003). "Kashmir in Conflict: India, Pakistan and the Unending War". I. B. Tauris. p. 132. Template:Citation/identifier. http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=Ek00fuXVz1wC&pg=PA132#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 15 July 2012. 
  29. "Saudi king assures full support to Pakistan". Islamabad. 13 April 2009. http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2009%2F04%2F13%2Fstory_13-4-2009_pg7_5. Retrieved 24 June 2012. 
  30. "Literature & nation: Britain and India, 1800–1990 – Harish Trivedi, Richard Allen – Google Books". Books.google.com.pk. http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=V9ufrUyISBsC&pg=PA9&dq=Literature+%26+Nation:+Britain+and+India+1800-1990+By+Rick+Allen,+Richard+Allen,+Harish+Trivedi&hl=en&sa=X&ei=eL43T47xHoKJhQfgosybAg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=337&f=false. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  31. Maham Khan (12 August 2011). "Pakistan Independence Day: What should Pakistani-Americans feel?". http://www.wbez.org/story/pakistan-independence-day-what-should-pakistani-americans-feel-90502. Retrieved 24 June 2012. 
  32. "Five killed in Pakistan cricket celebrations". Karachi. 27 March 1992. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=aaZjAAAAIBAJ&sjid=2iYMAAAAIBAJ&pg=471,3957653. Retrieved 24 June 2012. 
  33. "Pakistan celebrate T20 World Cup win". 22 June 2009. http://www.geo.tv/6-22-2009/44609.htm. Retrieved 24 June 2012. 
  34. "A history of Radio Pakistan – Nihal Ahmad – Google Books". Books.google.com.pk. http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=KkLvAAAAMAAJ&q=%22pak+watan%22&dq=%22pak+watan%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=MendT4uIIqnM0QXTlcXgCg&ved=0CFQQ6AEwCDge. Retrieved 2012-06-17. 
  35. "Pakistan Zindabad". Documentary Film. Sveriges Television. 2007. http://www.svt.se/2.61757/1.906662/pakistan_zindabad. Retrieved 3 July 2012. 

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