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Pariah state

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A pariah state (the term in English, pariah, from the Indian Paraiyar or Parayar) is a nation whose conduct is considered to be out of line with international norms of behavior by either the rest of the international community (such as the United Nations (WP)), or through the UN by some of the great powers with their unequal power in the UN Security Council. A pariah state may face International isolation, sanctions or even an invasion by nations who find its policies or actions unacceptable. The term is closely related to the phrase "Rogue state".


There is no definitive definition of a pariah state, the term has been applied to different states at different times, and is often a designation made for political purposes. Some proposed definitions have included states with provocative policies or expansionary territorial ambitions, measures of the absence of Wikipedia:diplomatic relations with neighboring states or the situational harm posed to other states if the state in question acquired Wikipedia:nuclear weapons.[1] Another candidate for definition has been a state lacking any significant Wikipedia:soft power.[2]


At various times in the past, the following states have been labeled or treated as pariahs in the international system. Some of them are still labeled as such at present:



See alsoEdit


  1. Template:Cite book
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  3. Abkhazia: A promising pariah on the Black Sea - Editorials & Commentary - International Herald Tribune
  4. Belarus Cracks Down, VOA, April 1, 2008
  5. Template:Cite news
  6. Template:Cite news
  7. Djibouti says Eritrea will bow to UN sanctions, Reuters Africa, April 21, 2010
  8. Obiang, dictator in fashion in New York,, September 9, 2000
  9. Template:Cite book
  10. Template:Cite book
  11. Template:Cite journal
  12. Template:Cite book
  13. Template:Cite book
  14. Template:Cite book
  15. Template:Cite news
  16. Template:Cite news
  17. "Putin is a pariah - he must now be treated as such". BBC News. 20 July 2014. Retrieved 20 July 2014. 
  18. "Kinzinger: 'Reset' is Over, Russia is a 'Pariah State'". Newsmax. 02 March 2014. Retrieved 02 March 2014. 
  19. Sudan's War on Itself; From Rogue State to Pariah State
  20. [1], OpenDemocracy, June 6, 2000
  21. Ash, Lucy (1 April 2004). "Misery in a pariah state". BBC News. Retrieved 5 April 2013. 
  22. Leonard, Peter (6 July 2012). "US cozies up to outcast Uzbekistan for Afghan role". Associated Press. Retrieved 5 April 2013. 
  23. Kendzior, Sarah (5 March 2013). "Does it matter if the West gives military aid to Uzbekistan?". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 5 April 2013. 
  24. Mugabe made Zimbabwe a pariah state, says Straw, Daily Telegraph, August 25, 2002
  25. Frozen In Time, TIME, 156(21), May 29, 2000
  26. En route to the EU, European Policy Centre, April 2010
  27. The Argentine Pariah
  28. Asean Can Act as Burma's Bridge to the World
  29. At Last, Justice Comes to Cambodia, Yale Global Online, February 13, 2009
  30. Chile, International War Crimes Report, June 4, 2010
  31. Zaire - Involvement in the Angolan Civil War,, 1993
  32. Haiti Crisis, Washington Post, March 1, 2004
  33. Iraq 10: The spring never came
  34. Arrest warrant for Liberian leader, BBC News, June 4, 2003
  35. Taylor's Liberia becoming pariah nation,, January 20
  36. Template:Cite news
  37. Alfredo Stroessner; Paraguayan Dictator, Washington Post, August 17, 2006
  39. Thomas H. Henriksen, 'The Rise and Decline of Rogue States'. Journal of International Affairs, 54(2), 2001, 349-373.
  40. Template:Cite journal
  41. Turkmenistan: Introduction
  42. Template:Cite book
  43. War crimes fugitive Mladic arrested MSN News UK, May 26, 2011

Wikipedia:Category:States by power status

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