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The Streisand effect is a primarily online phenomenon in which an attempt to hide or remove a piece of information has the unintended consequence of publicizing the information more widely. It is named after American entertainer Barbra Streisand, whose attempt in 2003 to suppress photographs of her residence inadvertently generated further publicity.

Attempts to suppress publicity may lead to an outcry over the suppression, which outcry creates publicity, defeating the object of the suppression.[1] An attempt to censor or remove (in particular, by the means of cease-and-desist letters) a certain piece of information (for example, a photograph, file, or even a whole website) instead backfires, causing the information in question to receive extensive publicity, and often be widely mirrored on the Internet or distributed on file-sharing networks in a short period of time.[1]

The effect is also believed to be an example of the pursuit of forbidden fruit.</ref> The fact that the piece of information is being sought after severely amplifies its value in the eyes of the public, encouraging everybody to get “one’s own share.” Wikipedia:Mike Masnick claims to have “jokingly” coined the term in January 2005, “to describe [this] increasingly common phenomenon.”[2]

Attempts have been made, for example, in cease-and-desist letters, to suppress allegedly illegal numbers, files and websites. Instead of being suppressed, the information receives extensive publicity and media extensions such as videos and spoof songs, often being widely mirrored across the Internet or distributed on file-sharing networks.[1][3] "The "Streisand effect" is what happens when someone tries to suppress something and the opposite occurs. The act of suppressing it raises the profile, making it much more well known than it ever would have been".</ref>[4]

Wikipedia:Mike Masnick of Wikipedia:Techdirt coined the term after Streisand, citing privacy violations, unsuccessfully sued photographer Kenneth Adelman and Pictopia.com for US$50 million in an attempt to have an aerial photograph of her mansion removed from the publicly available collection of 12,000 Wikipedia:California coastline photographs.[1][5][6] Adelman said that he was photographing beachfront property to document Wikipedia:coastal erosion as part of the government sanctioned and commissioned Wikipedia:California Coastal Records Project.[7][8] Before Streisand filed her lawsuit, "Image 3850" had been downloaded from Adelman's website only six times; two of those downloads were by Streisand's attorneys.[9] As a result of the case, public knowledge of the picture increased substantially; more than 420,000 people visited the site over the following month.[10] Needless to say, the photo itself appears on this wiki page as an additional consequence.

It is related to the law of unintended consequences, and the variation of Wikipedia:Murphy's law, 'Zymurgy's first law of evolving system dynamics' ("Once you open a can of worms, the only way to re-can them is to use a larger can").[11]

John Gilmore's observed that, "The Net interprets censorship as damage and routes around it."[12]

This phenomenon is the internet equivalent of the former effect of the Wikipedia:Index Librorum Prohibitorum, the Index of Prohibited Books a list of publications prohibited by the Wikipedia:Catholic Church. The Index was discontinued in 1966 but, in its day, it could act as a reading list for what were, or became, best sellers,[13] and Papal condemnation was seen as a welcome endorsement.[14]

A possible distinction of good use of the term from dubious is deviation from the norm. Standard media coverage of cease and desist and anti-defamation lawsuits, for example, surely will bring unwanted attention. The expected coverage, then, would seem to have either been accounted for by the lawyers bringing the suit, or more a case of negligence on their part, than unforeseen consequences.

There is also an element of "coverup of scandal that then goes wrong" that is seen by many users of the term, that is lacking in the original story about a celebrity who wished to avoid relatively neutral publicity. This definition of coverup becomes even more convoluted when the instigator of the affair is arguably at fault (as in libel or slander), in which case, actions to suppress it are proceeding from lawful basis, and outcry against those actions have less grounds, however successful.

And what of the campaigns against suppression that do not work? What should we call them?

This article contains content from Wikipedia
An article on this subject has been nominated
for deletion at Wikipedia:
Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/
Streisand effect (3rd nomination)

Current versions of the GNU FDL article on WP may contain information useful to the improvement of this article
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ExamplesEdit

  • The Wikipedia:Digg community rebelled against the site's attempt, in April 2007, at blocking an HD-DVD encryption key (Advanced Access Content System (AACS) key) from being disseminated on Digg. The key was revealed in 2006 by doom9.org forum members, and hit the front page of the Digg.com site spring 2007. The story was removed, quickly reposted, and then removed again. This second act of censorship was the straw that broke the camels back, and the entire community spammed the site with nothing but stories about or containing that key.[15] When cease-and-desist letters demanded the code be removed from several high-profile websites, the key proliferated across other sites and chat rooms in various formats, with one commentator describing it as having become "the most famous number on the internet". Within a month, the key had been reprinted on over 280,000 pages, printed on T-shirts and tattoos, and had appeared on Wikipedia:YouTube in a song played over 45,000 times.[16]
    • The processing key, in combination with some other title-specific information, allows any HD-DVD movie to be decrypted. The 16 bytes were already on several websites (such as doom9.org) in February 2007, but when the number was posted to digg on Wikipedia:March 30 Wikipedia:2007 it became the second most digged article ever. The article was then deleted, along with related articles. This attempt at censoring the number, along with letters sent from Wikipedia:AACS LA to remove the number from other websites, lead to a massive spread of the number in Slashdot, digg, reddit and Youtube. The number is now on over 20,000 pages indexed by Google.
    • “The online uproar came in response to a series of cease-and-desist letters […] demanding that the code be removed from several high-profile Web sites. Rather than wiping out the code, […] the letters led to its proliferation on Web sites, in chat rooms, inside cleverly doctored digital photographs and on user-submitted news sites. […] The ironic thing is, because they tried to quiet it down, it’s the most famous number on the Internet.”[17] “[…] at this writing, about 283,000 pages contain the number […] There’s a song. Several domain names including variations of the number have been reserved.”[18]
  • In November 2007, Tunisia blocked access to YouTube and DailyMotion after material was posted of Tunisian political prisoners. Activists and their supporters then started to link the location of then-President Wikipedia:Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali's palace on Google Earth to videos about civil liberties in general. The Economist said this "turned a low-key human-rights story into a fashionable global campaign".[19]
  • In 2008, the Wikipedia:Pirate Bay was put in ethical dilemma when was requested to censor a link to autopsy photos of two murdered children, evidence from a famous Swedish murder case that circulated on the Wikipedia:BitTorrent search site. Wikipedia:Peter Sunde, the Pirate Bay's spokesman said that removal would only increase public interest, according to the Streisand effect, and thus keeping the links served everybody's interest.[29] He justified inaction using carrier neutrality ethos. The Pirate Bay servers do not host the content, merely link to the information, he noted.[29]
  • On 5 December 2008, the Wikipedia:Internet Watch Foundation (IWF) added the Wikipedia:Wikipedia article about the 1976 Scorpions album Wikipedia:Virgin Killer to a child pornography blacklist, considering the album's cover art "a potentially illegal indecent image of a child under the age of 18".[21][30] The article quickly became one of the most popular pages on the site,[31] and the publicity surrounding the censorship resulted in the image being spread across other sites.[32] The IWF were later reported on the Wikipedia:BBC News website to have said "IWF's overriding objective is to minimise the availability of indecent images of children on the internet, however, on this occasion our efforts have had the opposite effect".[33] This effect was also noted by the IWF in their statement about the removal of the URL from the blacklist.[34][35]
  • In May 2011, Wikipedia:Premier League footballer Wikipedia:Ryan Giggs sued Twitter after a user revealed that he was the subject of an anonymous privacy injunction (informally referred to as a "Wikipedia:super-injunction"[45]) that prevented the publication of details regarding an alleged affair with model and former Big Brother contestant Wikipedia:Imogen Thomas. A blogger for the Wikipedia:Forbes website observed that the British media, who were banned from breaking the terms of the injunction, had mocked the footballer for not understanding the effect.[46] The Guardian subsequently posted a graph detailing—without naming the player—the number of references to the player's name against time, showing a large spike following the news that the player was seeking legal action.[47]
  • In May 2012, the UK's Wikipedia:High Court ordered 5 British ISPs to block access to The Pirate Bay due to copyright infringement concerns. The media coverage led to The Pirate Bay receiving a record amount of traffic. According to the site's blog, the number of unique visitors increased by up to 12 million.[49][50]
  • In May 2012, Joe Karam, the long time advocate of the innocence of previously convicted mass murderer David Bain, New Zealand's most infamous criminal case, complained about the naming of a dog in a comedy sketch to be screened by TV3 which would have been viewed by a select few viewers. The dog was to be called Lundybainwatson which was intended as a reference to three high profile NZ criminal cases. As a result of the complaint the story was published in NZ's highest profile online newspaper and further online commentary far surpassing the original audience.[51][52][53]
  • In May 2012, a South African artist put on display his painting The Spear, which depicts South African president Wikipedia:Jacob Zuma in the pose of Lenin, but with exposed genitals. The ruling party's response and threatened legal action, and demands to halt the exhibition and remove all online references of the work, brought local and international exposure to the painting, leading to photos of the painting being aggressively circulated on news websites and social networks such as Facebook and Twitter.[54]

Deleted examples Edit

Preceding the coining of the phrase Edit

Some of the above examples had material deleted also (eg Digg and Anonymous), which has been restored
  • It was noted by the Russians that nothing was being published in the physics journals by Americans, Britons, or Germans about nuclear fission from 1939 to 1942. They correctly deduced the cause was that the Allied countries were building a nuclear bomb, and started their own nuclear bomb project
  • Wikipedia:John Cleese of the Wikipedia:Monty Python comedy troupe noted the then-unnamed effect after the release of their 1979 film Wikipedia:Monty Python's Life of Brian. Interviewing on Wikipedia:The Dick Cavett Show, Cleese commented that "originally, the movie might have gone into 200 movie houses, and once the protests started, it was soon decided to put it into 600. So it is wonderful when people embark on a course of action that they can really achieve something so totally counterproductive...obviously if you don't want people to see a movie, the thing to do is to just let it quietly die away, get a tiny little review on the movie page, and nobody knows about it. But if you do want to make a success of a movie...you want to get people cross and angry and protesting. It's extraordinary."[55]
  • The controversy surrounding Wikipedia:Salman Rushdie's Wikipedia:The Satanic Verses has provided a great boost to the author's prominence as a figure of Western critical attention.[56] Those who objected to the book's reported contents were ridiculed (by people who did not know them, no less) as criticizing something they knew nothing about, a tactic which persists to the present day.
  • In 1998 AOL banned user "suralikeit" due to outcry from the Muslim community because the content of his personal website on AOL ([6]) was construed as defamatory toward Islam. Within hours there where hundreds of news reports about the site, and mirrors of the content all over the web.[57]
  • In 2002, Catholic bishops, and religious activists in 'Wikipedia:Mexico protested in the media trying to stop the release of Gael Garcia Bernal's movie 'Wikipedia:El Crimen del Padre Amaro, because of the portrayal of hypocrisy and corruption surrounding the Catholic church and a Catholic Priest in love with a young woman. Their efforts were in vain, as the movie went on to become the biggest box office hit in the history of Mexico at the time, as well as enjoying great success in the United States. The film was nominated for several awards, including the Golden Globes and the Academy Awards for Best Picture in a Foreign Language.


After the coining of the phrase Edit

  • In 2004, a website named RedneckJunk.com intended to sponsor the Wikipedia:Arnold Motorsports car in the Wikipedia:NASCAR Nextel Cup Series. Wikipedia:NASCAR disallowed this, and forced the team to remove the decals from the car, considering it was detrimental to good taste. The incident was featured prominently on TV and sports media. As a result of this, the website got more than 100,000 hits within an hour. [61]
Main article: Wikipedia:Timeline of the Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy
  • In late 2005, calls for censoring a Danish cartoon depicting Mohamed wearing a turban with a bomb only drew more attention to the cartoon, and led to its being reprinted in various newspapers. Continuing vocal and violent calls for censorship from Muslims around the world only led to increased proliferation of the caricature.
  • In March 2006, TFL lawyers wrote to Geoff Marshall at his website Geofftech.co.uk asking him to take down customised 'map mashups' that he had collected from all over the internet (including the Wikipedia:London Underground anagram map) and grouped in one place, even though he was making no money from them. After blogging about it, over 200 people cloned the site and replicated the maps so that even when the original site was taken down, the clones still existed.[62]
  • In 2006, AOL released search queries of 657,427 users. The search data was taken down quickly, but the search data had already become widely available on mirrors and through peer-to-peer networks.[7]
  • Wikipedia:iPhone skins for Wikipedia:smartphones — "Ironically, Apple's attempts to have the files removed from the web have only given the skins greater publicity, and they have already begun spreading to other websites."[67]
  • Windows 2000 source leak — "incomplete portions of Windows 2000 and Windows NT were illegally posted to the Internet. [...] "It was on the peer-to-peer networks and Wikipedia:IRC (Internet relay chat) today," Ruiu said. "Everybody has got it -- it's widespread now.""[69]
  • In April 2007, The University of Western Australia attempted to cover information regarding a 'Rave' at the Oak Lawn of the University. Through the attempt to cover the rumor and cancel 'Rave' event, the opposite effect took place; almost 3 times the amount of students attended as had in previous years.
  • Wikipedia:Bhumibol Adulyadej, the King of Wikipedia:Thailand, was portrayed as a monkey, with feet superimposed over his head, in a 44-second video posted by an anonymous YouTube user. The Thai government charged the site with "lèse majesté," insulting the monarch, and rather than ask for the offending video to be removed, banned the site altogether. YouTube users around the world responded by posting a series of Bhumibol-bashing clips, portraying the king as a clown, as various types of animals and as a pedophile. Each clip has been viewed tens of thousands of times[70]"
  • When an archive of emails from electronic voting company Wikipedia:Diebold leaked, Diebold sent copyright threats to the web hosts. Posters, including Wikipedia:Swarthmore College students responded by re-posting the emails in a show of "electronic civil disobedience." [72] Two of the Swarthmore students and ISP Wikipedia:Online Policy Group sued Diebold and won a $125,000 settlement for copyright misuse. [73]
  • After internal Wikipedia:emails from Wikipedia:MediaDefender were leaked onto the Internet [74], MediaDefender sent mal-formed DMCA takedown notices to two torrent websites, which did not have any effect[75] except spreading the news about the leak further and continuing to keep it in the Internet media.
  • On 22 September 2007, several websites and blogs, including that of Wikipedia:Boris Johnson, went offline when site host company Fasthosts pulled the plug on various sites while aiming to take down the blog of Wikipedia:Craig Murray, former UK Ambassador for Wikipedia:Uzbekistan. Wikipedia:Craig Murray had his servers shut down along with threats of legal action from Wikipedia:Schillings, a high-powered London Law firm, hired by Russian billionaire Wikipedia:Alisher Usmanov, after Murray blogged details about the billionaire's criminal history and previous incarceration for rape. After Murray was shut down, thousands of bloggers in the UK and other parts of the world carried Murray's article spreading the story even further.[76] Murray, the former British Ambassador to Uzbekistan, had written a book portraying Usmanov in a bad light. Usmanov hired a legal firm to silence Murray, but this backfired when it became a Template:Lang, and the offending material reappeared throughout the blogosphere. The material, which Murray insists is true, was never removed from his site or book, and Usmanov has never sued despite all his threats.
  • In an attempt to suppress the Streisand effect, marketing company Wikipedia:DirectBuy copyrighted a Wikipedia:cease and desist letter[77] to a critical website[78]and threatened legal actions against copyright infringement should the document be revealed publicly.[79] The letter was promptly posted by its recipient, and numerous legal defenses against copyright infringement action were proposed and posted by various parties. In effect, the attempt to suppress the Streisand Effect produced exactly the opposite of the result desired by the assertor.[80]
  • Video clips portraying paparazzi footage of Brazilian television personality Wikipedia:Daniela Cicarelli having sex with her boyfriend on a beach in Spain were uploaded to YouTube. Court injunctions, which culminated in the blocking of YouTube in Brazil, proved unsuccessful in preventing the spread of the video, and only raised the ire of fans.[16]
  • The Swiss Bank Wikipedia:Julius Baer solicited a Wikipedia:United States judge to turn off the domain for Wikipedia:Wikileaks because the site hosted a picture in which the bank was exchanging money with a client. The judge ordered the domain hosting provider Dynadot to stop directing the [8] domain on February 15, 2008[81]to the IP address 88.80.13.160. This meant any regular readers of the inquisitive enough to investigate why it was down would learn of Julius Baer and their alleged money laundering. Furthermore this garnered bad press for the bank and set off a canon of condemnation that echoed throughout the top internet blogs[82][83] The order also inspired a campaign to establish as many mirrors of the site across as many countries and domains as possible. The story made Wikipedia:Slashdot headlines on February 20, 2008[84]
  • On March 5th, 2008, Mobitv.com issued Howardforums owner Howard Chui a Cease and Desist letter demanding that the site remove instructions on how to access mobitv's service for free. Someone had found a link showing how to get MobiTV for free. They posted it on HowardForums, along with instructions on how to use it. It’s a direct link to a file which can be viewed in Internet Explorer or any other browser to see the direct links to all the MobiTV channels. Note that there’s not a shred of security around this file. No password, no device check, it’s just right there. Kinda like the link to any of the images on this and every website. Freely available. MobiTV is requesting Howard Chui to remove the thread/instructions, claiming that it violates their intellectual property rights. However, this move by mobitv caused a massive consumer backlash, with articles and editorials that carried this "proprietary" information across the internet at a rapid clip. Unfortunately by trying to censor this information, it served only to widely disseminate the very information they were trying to have removed.
  • In summer 2008, economist Wikipedia:Ha-Joon Chang's book Bad Samaritans was placed on a list of "seditious documents" banned on South Korean military bases, which Chang credits with "catapult[ing] the book into a literary stratosphere" and perhaps doubling its sales in Korea.[87][88]
  • On October 1st 2008 the popular internet personality Wikipedia:Pat Condell had his video 'Welcome to Saudi Britain' removed from Wikipedia:YouTube by site administrators. This led to outrage from users of the site and resulted in hundreds of copies of the censored video being uploaded in protest, file sharing downloads being set up, and links to the video published across the internet.
  • On November 6th 2008 the Sun newspaper published a news story [89] by Tom Wells and Philip Case, outlining Wikipedia:Facebook's attempts to censor a group for the sharing of dead baby jokes, named "DEAD BABIES MAKE ME LAUGH". In the printing of this article, The Sun newspaper published two dead baby jokes.[90] By doing so they exposed many more to the offensiveness than would of occurred from the original group. Since the removal of the group by facebook, many other copycat groups have been created [90], increasing the topics' popularity.
  • In early 2009, Nemesysco Limited, an Israeli manufacturer of lie detectors, threatened to sue two Swedish researchers whose study concluded that the company's lie detectors are worthless. As a result, the matter received widespread attention in numerous world-wide news sources.
  • Youtube user Thunderf00t had one of his video's flagged, RE: Howtheworldworks (Part 3)(the video did not violate any terms of use of Youtube), which was than removed by Youtube, immediately after he reposted it under a new name, "False Flagging Jerks", it was mirrored across hundreds of channels. A few hours after the reupload the video was flagged for +18 only.
  • Youtube user Thunderf00t posted a video on Youtube on a Friday afternoon, "Youtube vs. The Users", which was critical of Youtube and was promptly removed and Thunderf00t's account temporarily suspended. Durring the sort time that it was up hundreds of people downloaded the video and mirrored it on their channels before Youtube removed the original. The following Monday Thunderf00t's video was reinstated by Youtube and his channel unsuspended likely after Youtube saw the many hundreds of mirrors of the video. Since the incident he has produced 2 more videos making the "Youtube vs. The Users" a 3 part series.
Main article: Wikipedia:Scott Killdall#Wikipedia Art
Main article: Wikipedia:Rodrigo Rosenberg Marzano#Video aftermath
  • A Guatemalan Twitter user, under the name "@jeanfer" posted his thoughts on the social messaging network Wikipedia:Twitter about the murder of Rodrigo Rosenberg and an allegedly corrupt bank (Banrural) on the microblogging web site. He accused the bank of wrongdoing and suggested people remove their money from the bank.[98] The police arrested him on charges of "inciting financial panic" and a judge gave him a $6,500 fine. Guatemalans commented about this on Twitter, Facebook, Digg, YouTube, and other web 2.0 sites; resulting in international attention and stories by major news outlets like CNN, Time, AP, BBC, and technology blogs like BoingBoing, Mashable, Social Nerdia, and Techcrunch</ref>Guatemala Twitter arrest brings local scandal to wider audience </ref> He was placed under house arrest on May 14, 2009. Anleu's short message, "Primera accion real ’sacar el pisto de Banrural’ quebrar al banco de los corruptos," resulted in a judge ordering his detention and suggesting a fine of up to GTQ50,000.[99] Attempts to censor Anleu's message backfired,[100] because of internet phenomenon called the Wikipedia:Streisand effect. A Guatemalan appeals court ruled on 10 July 2009 that the case lacked merit. Some US$7,000 was spent on Anleu's legal fees, half contributed by Twitter users by Wikipedia:Paypal.[101]
  • In early-mid 2009, French Member of Parliament Wikipedia:Sylvia Pinel's lawyer sent an intimidating letter to two bloggers reporting her lack of work at the French Parliament, resulting in numerous posts in the country's most powerful blogs, attracting global media attention on the subject.[102]
  • In mid-2009, a creationist propaganda organization named the Wikipedia:Discovery Institute attempted to have a youtube video critical of them removed from the site by illegally filing a false DMCA claim. Within one day, the original video had been reuploaded over 700 times. [103][104]
  • In May 2009, Twitter user and the filer of a class-action lawsuit against Horizon Realty, Amanda Bonnen, posted the following tweet to one of her 20 followers: "You should just come anyway. Who said sleeping in a moldy apartment was bad for you? Horizon realty thinks it's okay." Bonnen's landlord, Chicago's Horizon Group Management LLC, encountered the tweet while preparing for the lawsuit. Horizon then filed a $50,000 lawsuit against Bonnen on the basis that the tweet was malicious and defamed the company. Major news outlets, technology journalists and bloggers reported on the lawsuit, and Twitter users reposted the original message along with criticism of Horizon for its actions. A tweet that originally would have only been of interest to Bonnen's 20 followers became visible to the world as a result of Horizon's reaction to it.[105]
  • In June of 2009, Wikipedia:Christian street preacher Dan Lirrete filed a false Wikipedia:DMCA claim against a YouTube user who posted a video documenting Lirrete's infidelity and lack of support provided to his illegitimate child. Within days, the video was rehosted by at least 30 different users
  • In August 2009, the Wikipedia:Horizon Realty Group of Chicago filed a $50,000 libel lawsuit against one of their former tenants for posting a comment on Twitter about the condition of an apartment they had been renting. When the case was reported in several major news outlets, the company president was quoted as offering that "We're a sue first, ask questions later kind of organization".[106] At the time of the post, the tenant only had 22 followers, but now both the tweet and lawsuit have attracted wide publicity.[107]
  • Users of the internet image board Wikipedia:4chan became greatly interested in a particular pornographic video once they became aware that the video was contentious and its public access threatened. The video depicted an American high school senior, only some few days over her eighteenth birthday, engaging in consensual sexual activity for the purpose that it be made into commercial pornography. As soon as the young woman's mother became aware of her daughter's actions, she attempted to have the video removed from its web site and all copies of it destroyed. As a result, Wikipedia:Anonymous took it up itself to disseminate the video as widely as possible. They called it the Wikipedia:Holy Grail, after the questing object out of Wikipedia:Arturian legend, and as such it became one of the most famous pornographic videos of its time. [109]
  • In August 2009, a vulnerability on the Wikipedia:Sears website enabled customers to create categories of their choosing for Sears' products. After the creation of categories such as "Human Cooking" for a meat grill,[110] discussion threads on the subject began on such as Wikipedia:reddit.com. Sears asked Reddit to remove a thread, and as a result,[111] hundreds of Reddit users began to proliferate information about the vulnerabilities and Sears' censorship.[112] Dozens of generally negative posts about Sears appeared across Wikipedia:reddit.com [113] as well as other websites including Wikipedia:digg.com.[114]
  • In September 1, 2009, The main Irish ISP Eircom, after an out of court agreement with the IRMA (Irish Recorded Music Association) blocked users from accessing the illegal file sharing website 'The Pirate Bay'. Due to the media hype surrounding the action it resulted in thousands of hits per hour.
  • In September 2009, the Photoshop Disasters blog posted an advertisement from Wikipedia:Polo Ralph Lauren that contained a heavily manipulated image of a female model. The post was subsequently reprinted by BoingBoing[115]. Ralph Lauren issued DMCA takedown notices to BoingBoing's ISP and Blogspot, which hosts Photoshop Disasters, claiming their use of the image infringed copyright. Blogspot complied, but BoingBoing's ISP consulted with BoingBoing and agreed that the image was fair use. As a result, BoingBoing issued a mocking rebuttal[116], using the same image again and posting the takedown notice. The rebuttal was widely reported, including on frequently viewed websites such as The Huffington Post[117] and ABC News.[118]
  • In September 2009, spanish president Zapatero took his family to an official trip to NY. He and his daughters appeared at a reception with president Obama, and hours later, after photos of the event had been distributed by the White House and some media, Zapatero requested the pictures including his daughters be removed. Some media did release censored versions of the pictures, covering the faces of the girls. Others released them uncensored. Satires ensued.</ref>[9]</ref>
  • In September 2009, New Zealand Post [10] tried to ban "personalised stamps" (known as CALs: Customised Advertising Labels)[119] that it had printed for a client and showing the flag of Wikipedia:Tibet. NZ Post, apparently worried about Chinese reaction, claimed the stamps were in violation of their terms and conditions for making such stamps (because a Wikipedia:flag was shown), despite the fact that no such bans on flags had been enforced when others used them previously, e.g. Wikipedia:Sri Lanka. The NZ Post later obliterated the stamps by covering them with airmail stickers[120] Demand for the Wikipedia:Tibet flag CALs, and their prices on internet auction sites, increased.
  • In November 2009, Manfred Lauber and Wikipedia:Wolfgang Werlé, convicted for the murder of Wikipedia:Walter Sedlmayr, demanded their names to be removed from the article on the German language Wikipedia:Wikipedia due to German laws. The German Wikipedia complied but the information was widely publicized as a result.[123] in the following few days the visits to the page on the English Wikipedia increased from approximately 20 a day to over 10,000.[124]
  • November 20, 2009 the popular social network Gaia Online, where users create and dress avatars, implemented a lockdown on all Wikipedia:tobacco-related items making them more difficult to access. It restricted them to only those who already owned the items with none to be sold further. This was an attempt to make users more health conscious. This however caused a backlash among many users. It caused the items to be sought after and desired.[125]
  • In December 2009, Wikipedia:Ted Alvin Klaudt, a former South Dakota state legislator convicted of raping his two foster daughters, attempted to claim "copyright" on his name and demanded it not appear in any news articles. His demand was publicized and quickly spread to several major websites, increasing his exposure to the public.[128]Template:Dead link[129]
  • Also in December 2009, Route 60 Hyundai, an auto dealership in West Palm Beach FL, notified Thom Alascio that his FaceBook and Twitter postings regarding the poor service that he encountered at their business should "cease and desist".[130] Consequently, news stories and blog postings spread the story to a much larger audience. The most notable example was a "ROUTE 60 HYUNDAI S**KS" campaign on the Obscure Store and Reading Room site
  • In January 2010, YouTube user VenomFangX,[131] a well known creationist filed over 30 fraudulent Wikipedia:DMCA claims in order to have videos featuring his likeness removed. His reasoning behind this was that he feared for his own safety and the safety of his family from people sending death threats (or "Muslim Extreemists" as he stated). This caused an explosion of videos featuring his likeness to pop up all over YouTube. VenomFangX, or Shawn, is no stranger to filing Wikipedia:DMCA claims to silence his critics, and has been threatened with legal action by a user known as Thunderf00tThunderf00t who instead of pursuing legal action forced VenomFangX to read a public apology. This apology was a featured video on Thunderf00t's channel, and referenced as a warning to anyone thinking of filing a false Wikipedia:DMCA claim
  • In January 2010, an Wikipedia:Australian Aboriginal man named Steven Hodder-Watts, successfully drew controversy when he successfully sued Google to remove a reference to the satirical page on his race on Wikipedia:Encyclopedia Dramatica. When Google removed the article, the search term that brought up the offending page instead linked to 300,000 results, all news services providing links to the offending article instead.[132]
  • In January 2010, Max Markson, the manager of Wikipedia:Naomi Robson, an Australian journalist, attempted to remove language critical of Miss Robson from Wikipedia, resulting in great publicity about the removal of the data[133]
  • In January 2010 England and Chelsea Footballer Wikipedia:John Terry tried to cover up an affair with team-mate Wikipedia:Wayne Bridge's ex girlfriend. Terry quoted human rights laws and tried to make even the existence of the injuction a secret, claiming his 'right to a private and family life'. Mr. Justice Tugendhat however, threw out the case saying he thought Terry was more concerned about the threat to his lucrative sponsorship deals and ruled that the public had a right to know. Within 24 hours Terry and his mistress were front page news and the affair became common knowledge.
  • In February 2010, a Facebook Group was set up by students to voice their outrage at inset days being cancelled by the head teacher of Court-Moor School, Fleet. Students left the group under threat of expulsion from the school. A week later the group was growing strongly as a beacon again censorship.
  • In February 2010, Wikipedia:Bettendorf High School in Wikipedia:Bettendorf, Iowa illegally confiscated copies of the high school's newspaper, the Growl, after it ran a story outlining the differential treatment of athletes over ordinary students. The censorship caused the story to get national attention in major media and in the blogosphere.[134]
  • In February 2010 Wikipedia:Cryptome.org posted a copy of Microsoft's "Global Criminal Compliance Handbook", which outlines procedures to take with law enforcement in regards to user information. Microsoft then issued a Wikipedia:DMCA take-down notice to Cryptome's hosting provider, Wikipedia:Network Solutions. As a result, Cryptome was taken down. Several mirrors went up of the document and it has been distributed widely among the internet along with similar documents from entities such as Wikipedia:Facebook, Wikipedia:PayPal, and Wikipedia:Comcast. Microsoft has since withdrawn the take-down notice and Cryptome is back up. [135]
  • On March 17th 2010 Wikipedia:Greenpeace produced a spoof ad of Nestle's KitKat, highlighting Nestle's contribution to rainforest destruction in Indonesia. Nestle made a DMCA claim to Wikipedia:YouTube who was hosting the video and had the video removed. Greenpeace immediately uploadedit on Wikipedia:Vimeo and gave the source file to its supporters to share. While the original YouTube video had only about 1000 views when it was removed, the new one on Vimeo went viral after the censorship and gained about 50,000 views in less than 12 hours. [136] The video returned to YouTube.[137]
  • -Who Cares- In March 2010 Henaki posted information revealing Marvel VS Capcom 3 and Wikipedia:Super Street Fighter 4 PC in retaliation for a ban Mr.Wizard levied against him based on personal feelings between the two men. Mr.Wizard Owner and operator of Shoryuken.com Deleted the post and IP Banned Henaki who had posted this information under a new nick. The immediate ban and deletion of the thread lead many to believe this information was in fact accurate. Henaki had been correct in a guess months earlier when he speculated upon the remaining roster for the upcoming Wikipedia:Super Street Fighter 4 Video game which Mr.Wizard also disapproved of, thinking Henaki had access to information from a Wikipedia:NDA sealed event. The information has since spread around the net. Had Wiz not reacted so strongly the information would have likely been seen as mere rumor and ignored.[138]
This article may contain material from Wikipedia
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  • In April 2010, student newspaper of the Wikipedia:University of Leeds, Wikipedia:Leeds Student, was temporarily removed from circulation by a member of the student union Executive, over alleged anti-Semitic comments made by a speaker at the university during an interview, as published in the offending article. The result was a severe backlash as allegations were made against the Executive member responsible for the newspaper's removal, and later polls of Jewish students on campus suggested an overwhelming majority felt the apparent offending comments were not in any way anti-Semitic. Further controversy ensued about the overall conduct of the Executive member in question, one Jak Codd, who was later the subject of an Internal Affairs investigation over his conduct, and a campaign was led to oust him from his position through a Wikipedia:motion of no confidence. The motion failed due to lack of support from the general student population. It was suggested that the ongoing controversy and the public stage where the incident played out led to a much higher circulation, and attention drawn to, the newspaper than would have normally been the case had Codd not attempted to censor the article in the first place.
  • In May 2010, the webcomic Wikipedia:xkcd included a reference to the made-up word "Wikipedia:malamanteau" having its own reference on wikipedia. The debate between readers of the webcomic (who sought to create the wikipedia reference) and Wikipedia editors (who objected to the wikipedia reference, redirected it to xkcd,[139][140] and deleted the plural malamanteaux) became increasingly heated and soon resulted in references on reddit and slashdot.[141][142][143][144][145]
An article on this subject was deleted on Wikipedia:
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  • In May 2010, Wikipedia:Brixx Wood Fired Pizza fired an employee for posting a private message on her Facebook status page complaining about a diner who had tipped poorly. Many national and local news sources published the story, which incited outrage at the company, saying that they had gone too far and invaded the employees right of private expression. Groups created calls for boycotts, sit-ins and other business disruption, as well as many angry complaints on the company's Facebook Page.[146]
  • During the Wikipedia:2010 FIFA World Cup, the Bavaria Brewery staged a prominent case of Wikipedia:ambush marketing; young women dressed in orange mini skirts supplied by the company cheered for the Dutch team and got world-wide media coverage. Wikipedia:FIFA claimed it violated the commercial rights of their partner Wikipedia:Budweiser, an official sponsor of the Wikipedia:World Cup. In an attempt to enforce those rights, they ordered the police to eject the women from the stadium and took legal action against them. This became one of the top news during the World Cup, generating huge publicity for Bavaria Beer around the world. A website and several groups on social networks were created in support of Bavaria and the Oranje-babes. [147] Worldwide coverage was generated in print media, websites and blogs, much of which unsurprisingly featured pictures of the girls and generated publicity for the brand. The story became viral and just a few days after the match, there were thousands of posts on Wikipedia:Twitter with the #Bavaria tag, as well as many other negative ones with the #Budweiser tag. Facebook groups were also created in support of the brand. It was estimated that the brand reached an audience of over 25 million people on the press alone, without considering the impact of social networks.[148][149]
  • On October 5 2010, Wikipedia:Xuxa, a famous Wikipedia:Brazilian presenter for kids and also an actress, sued Wikipedia:Google over an action tried in Wikipedia:Rio de Janeiro. The action claimed that Wikipedia:Google should suppress all results including the Actress, and the brazilian word equivalent to "pedophilia". She won the action and the judge issued that Wikipedia:Google would have a fine in the value of 20.000 R$ for each "positive result" (links). The reason behind this process is because she had roles in the past on movies including a 12 years old child, also she has some nude pictures widely over the internet. As a result today she got her name published in major portals in the Brazilian media, publishing the keywords "Xuxa pedófila". Google claims not being capable to remove the references.[150]
An article on this subject was deleted on Wikipedia:
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  • On October 15 2010, Wikipedia:Adam Josephs of the Wikipedia:Toronto Police Services filed a 1.2million dollar lawsuit against Wikipedia:YouTube for alleged defamation in the form of satire cartoons. The cartoon 'Officer Bubbles' was widely circulated inside the G20 activist crowd but otherwise had little public exposure. Following the filing of this lawsuit, news outlets world-wide picked up the story, most with the term "Officer Bubbles" in the headline instead of Josephs' real name. This mainstream exposure has in turn made the cartoon even more popular, with re-posts and mirrors going up within hours of the announcement. The Streisand Effect is indirectly mentioned in one news article:[151]
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  • On December 10, 2010, Eric Ruth receive a C&D letter from Universal about a de-make of DJ Hero and 8-bit version of original song he made [154]. Eric Ruth since complied with the letter and published the correspondance with UMG lawyer, but the 8-Bit DJ Hero de-make is still widely available from many other sources that made the file even more available.
  • Wikipedia:First World Problems-In December 2010, the Portuguese company Ensitel initiated an effort to try and silence the blogger JonasNuts,[155] forcing her to remove posts in which she documented her "saga" in trying to have the company replace her mobile phone which stopped working a week after being purchased. They ackowledged it was in mint condition but were out of stock. After this happening twice, she asked to revoke the contract, which they denied. It has been presented to the Center to mediate Consumer related Conflicts of Lisbon[156] which decided she should have refused the refusal of the company, ignoring her attempts to return it. After that she received a citation to force her to remove her posts from her blog. Tiago Rodrigues (@trodrigues) started spreading the contents of those posts to avoid the disappearance of the articles and make it impossible to remove altogether.[157][158]</ref>[159][160]
  • In January 2011, Wikipedia:Cathy Cruz Marrero inadvertently fell into a fountain at a Pennsylvania Mall because she was texting on her cell phone while walking. A video of the incident appeared on Wikipedia:Youtube and soon went viral. Even though the video's quality was so bad that she couldn't possibly have been identified from it, she decided to sue the mall for damages, thus revealing her identity to the public.[161]
  • In February 2011, a Georgia High School's Principal recalls and bans an issue of the school news paper due to a 'misprint'. In actuality, this was done to suppress the students knowledge about $10,000 of parking money being spent on 2 floor mats, and also a full article that criticized the former school superintendent for leaving her job early to collect retirement money early. The full magazine was published the night of and all students were able to see what was 'improper information'. The following day, students showed up to school with red shirts to convey support against the administration.
  • In March 2011, GOP Representative Wikipedia:Sean Duffy responded to a question about his $174k annual salary by claiming that he is struggling with debt and is "not living high on the hog". After the GOP tried to get the video removed from the internet, it has since been uploaded countless times to a variety of video hosting sites.[162]
  • In March 2011, theatrical screenings of the Mexican documentary Presumed Guilty were suspended by a judge. The film documents the case of a man who was convicted for a murder despite very little evidence that he committed it and a preponderance of evidence that he was innocent. The screenings were suspended at the request of the prosecution's main witness who claimed the film was an invasion of his privacy. Once the ban was announced over 1 million people went to view the film before it was pulled (making it the most successful Mexican documentary to date) and it has become widely available on bootleg DVDs within Mexico.[163]
  • On April 8th, 2011, Republican Senator Jon Kyl falsely stated on the floor of the United States Senate that, "If you want an abortion you go to Planned Parenthood and that's well over 90 percent of what Planned Parenthood does." In fact, the actual number is 3 percent. On April 22nd, 2011, it was reported that Jon Kyl used his authority as a senator to remove this comment from the Wikipedia:Congressional Record. This caused the story, which had already been covered, to be re-posted on numerous websites and led to prolonged media coverage of the original incident.[164]
  • On May 5th, 2011, The Department of Homeland Security requested that Mozilla, the maker of the Firefox browser, remove an add-on that allows web surfers to access websites whose domain names were seized by the government for copyright infringement. The add-on was not removed, and as a result, it made people more aware of its existence and received higher downloads.[165]
  • In May 2011, a Wikipedia:Premier League footballer, believed to be Wikipedia:Manchester United player Wikipedia:Ryan Giggs, sued Twitter after an account revealed that he was the subject of an anonymised privacy injunction (also, dubiously, [166] referred to as a "Wikipedia:super-injunction") that prevented the publication of details regarding an alleged affair with model and former Big Brother contestant Wikipedia:Imogen Thomas. A blogger for the Wikipedia:Forbes website observed that the British media, who were banned from breaking the terms of the injunction, had mocked the footballer for not understanding the effect.[167]. The Guardian subsequently posted a graph detailing - without naming the player - the number of references to the player's name against time, showing a large spike commensurate with the news that the player was seeking legal action[168] On 22nd May, The Glasgow Herald printed a story about the injunction with a slightly obscured but identifiable picture of Giggs as the injunction had no actual jurisdiction over Scottish press.
  • In June 2011, Wikipedia:Pocketnow leaked screenshots from Motorola's website displaying an upcoming tablet, a watch-phone, and four future smart phones. Shortly after the article was published, the images were taken down at the request of Motorola. However, this was not before another popular news site, Wikipedia:Engadget, was able to grab the images. Later, Wikipedia:CNET published an article with the images. It is unknown if Motorola is pressing any legal action against any of the websites. [169]
  • In July 2011, the French pharmaceutical company Wikipedia:Boiron wanted a young Italian blogger to remove an article from his blog, where he expressed his opinion and his interpretation of facts about a potential inefficiency of Wikipedia:Homeopathy medecine Wikipedia:Oscillococcinum. They threatened directly the blog service provider to remove from the internet the article they considered defamatory, within 24 hours, without asking or waiting for a judicial decision. This case has been immediatly reported on main Italian and worldwide newspapers, including the British Medical Journal[175]. About 20 days after Boiron sent its contestation letter against the blogger, there were then about 170 websites referring or commenting the case, most in favour of the blogger[176].
  • On October 3rd 2011, popular Italian satire website Nonciclopedia shut down after the lawyers of popular Italian rock star Wikipedia:Vasco Rossi threatened to undertake legal actions against the website's admins, arguing that Rossi was offended by the contents of the page about him. The news promptly ran across the web via thousands of tweets, blogposts and eventually spread on some Italians newspapers. [177]
  • In September 2011, presidential candidate Rick Santorum asked Google to clean up the search results associated with his name. The lewd "santorum" definition, "the frothy mixture of lube and fecal matter that is sometimes the byproduct of anal sex",[178] popped up after the former senator compared homosexuality to pedophilia and bestiality in a 2003 interview with The Associated Press.[179][180][181][182]
  • In November 2011, Wikipedia:Pope Benedict took legal action against clothing company Wikipedia:United Colors of Benetton who used a faked photo of him kissing Sheikh Ahmed Mohamed El-Tayeb, the Wikipedia:imam of the al-Azhar Mosque in Cairo. Benetton promptly withdrew the photo from its campaign that consisted of similar images of celebrities kissing, but the offending image, and indeed the whole campaign consequently went viral, receiving worldwide media coverage.[183]
  • In November of 2011, high school student Emma Sullivan attended a public event featuring Kansas Governor Wikipedia:Sam Brownback and tweeted that he "sucked" accompanied by the hashtag #heblowsalot. Soon after, Brownback's office contacted Sullivan's school, whose principal demanded that Sullivan write an apology letter, something she refused. The incident was reported in various local and national media outlets, thus spreading Sullivan's unfavorable opinion of Brownback much further than the original tweet did. According to media outlets, Sullivan's twitter account went from a few dozen followers to several thousand in the wake of the story.[184]
  • In November of 2011, a representative of Wikipedia:Stanislaw Burzynski, a physician in Texas who was treating end-stage cancer patients with urine extracts, demanded that numerous science and skeptical bloggers take down articles that criticized his methods and research. The resulting coverage brought Burzynski to the attention of a global activist community. [185]
  • On 5 January 2012, Hong Kong newspaper Wikipedia:Apple Daily reported a Wikipedia:Dolce and Gabbana Wikipedia:Canton Road store security guard had stopped a Hong Kong photographer from taking pictures of its window displays from the pavement outside.[186] It was also reported that tourists from mainland China were specially exempt from the photo ban without justification. .[187] In response to the report, on 8 January, around a thousand people gathered and protested outside the shop on Canton Road. Many protesters brought along their cameras and took pictures of the store.[188] More than 13,000 people had protested over the incident on Facebook. [189]Local and international media reported on the protest.Apple Daily referred to the protest as an example of Streisand effect. [190]
  • In February 2012, automotive aftermarket parts company Skunk2 sought to find the identities of two online personalities by posting a 'Bounty' for information to include their names, addresses, email, telephone numbers, schools and places of employment. The incident became viral, resulting in a backfire and the distribution of personal information of the Skunk2 CEO (Dave Hsu).[197][198][199][200]
  • In March 2012, Welsh Bridge player Daniel McIntosh (Dan Mac) requested the privacy of his English grade in their new National Grading System. [201] However, this resulted in widespread speculation in the online Bridge community about the identity of McIntosh's (presumably lower than expected) grade, subsequently resulting in significantly more discussion of McIntosh than any other player's grade, including the unexpected rankings of English players Shivam Shah (#4) and Ed Jones (#25,469).
  • On June 4, 2012, Wikipedia:The Vatican formally censured Sister Wikipedia:Margaret Farley for her work relating to her book, Just Love: A Framework for Christian Sexual Ethics. By June 6, the book had risen from #142,982 on the Amazon best-sellers list to #16 and #1 among religious studies books. [232]
  • On 14 June 2012 the Wikipedia:Argyll and Bute Council in UK issued a rule preventing a 9 year old student, Martha Payne blogging under the name VEG, from posting pictures of her school lunch.[233] Many commentators on Payne's Wikipedia:NeverSeconds blog,[234] and elsewhere,[235] remarked that the Council must not have heard of the Streisand Effect. The day after the ruling, the site's fundraiser to help Wikipedia:Mary's Meals feed children in poor countries went from "almost £2,000" over several weeks, to over £17,000 by the time the council overturned its decision on the Wikipedia:BBC Radio 4 programme Wikipedia:World at One on 15 June 2012.[236] The donations exceeded £52,000 by the end of the day,[237] and the site's hits had doubled to over 4 million.[238]
  • In June 2012, Canadian brewing company Wikipedia:Labatt demanded the Wikipedia:Montreal Gazette remove a photo of alleged murderer Wikipedia:Luka Magnotta from it's website. Labatt claimed the photo, which showed Magnotta casually holding a bottle of Wikipedia:Labatt Blue, to be "highly denigrating". The newspaper responded by stating it would not censor it's photos unles legally required to do so, and stated that it's editorial decisions were not governed by "commercial considerations". By attempting to protect it's brand through censoring the newspaper, the Labatt suffered a public relations backlash in the press and social media. The debacle took to Twitter where #newlabattcampaign became a trending topic, as users mocked Labatt and gave humourous possible advertising slogans. According to a professor of marketting at Wikipedia:Queen's University, a connection between Magnotta and the brewer would not have entered the public consiousness if it were not for the "mini-firestorm" created by Labatt.[239] The Labatt-Magnotta marketing blunder has been identified as an example of the Streisand effect.[240]
  • On 24 June 2012, a minority owner of the Wikipedia:Miami Heat NBA team filed a copyright suit against Google and a blogger for posting a photo of him. Mr. Wikipedia:Ranaan Katz demanded an injunction and damages for a photo that shows him with his tongue out. [241]. As news sites cover the story, [242] they link to the original source of the photo [243] and the community is sharing the photo via social channels. This increased the frequency Google and other search engines find and rank the photo Mr. Katz wants removed.
  • In April 2012 a Norwegian blogger was threatened with million dollar lawsuits from a Norwegian member association of Xocai-sellers. They also harassed the blogger with e-mails showing pictures of his family and directions to his house saying that Xocai-salesmen would visit him and make him stop criticising Xocai once and for all if he didn't remove the blogposts with critical information about Xocai, MLM and MXI Corp. The blogger conceded, but on June 26 another blogger, Gunnar Roland Tjomlid, blogged about the threats[244] and also reposted the two Xocai-blogposts that had been taken down. Tjomlid also encouraged others to republish the Xocai-articles, and the story went viral within hours. Norwegian media published news articles about the story,[245][246][247][248][249] and within 24 hours more than 50.000 people had read the blogpost, and it had been shared on Facebook more than 10.000 times. After just a couple of days almost 100.000 people had read the blogpost, and at least 50-60 Norwegian blogs had reposted the Xocai-critical blogposts. The story was also discussed on Reddit[250] and Doubtful News.[251]
  • In July 2012, a record-breaking 719,415 new URLs were added to the Google takedown database. Copyright holders responded to this with meta-censorship, in which Google was asked to remove links to takedown requests, because they link to sites that link to copyrighted material.[252]

Currently undated Edit

  • Wikipedia:Napster — Napster exploded in popularity when it received extensive media attention for its users "sharing" music
  • Kevin Corazza - After Kris Krug alleges Corazza stole some of his Flickr photos in his blog, Corazza threatens legal action to take down the blog post. Original Blog post

Counterindications Edit

A possible distinction of good use of the term from dubious is deviation from the norm. Standard media coverage of cease and desist and anti-defamation lawsuits, for example, surely will bring unwanted attention. The expected coverage, then, would seem to have either been accounted for by the lawyers bringing the suit, or more a case of negligence on their part, than unforeseen consequences.

There is also an element of "coverup of scandal that then goes wrong" that is seen by many users of the term, that is lacking in the original story about a celebrity who wished to avoid relatively neutral publicity. This definition of coverup becomes even more convoluted when the instigator of the affair is arguably at fault (as in libel or slander), in which case, actions to suppress it are proceeding from lawful basis, and outcry against those actions have less grounds, however successful.


Libel suit coverage Edit


No suppression Edit

There was not an initial attempt to suppress information. As also occurs with many true cases of the Streisand effect, there was an attempt to draw publicity; in this case, however, the attempt was solely responsible for the public response:

  • In May of 2010, The New York Times reported on the plight of college student Justin Kurtz. Kurtz, a college student at Western Michigan University had his car towed from his apartment complex parking lot. [253] In response, Kurtz created a Facebook page entitled “Kalamazoo Residents Againts T&J Towing.” Within two days 800 people had joined the page. As of July 0f 2010, over 14,000 individuals had become a fan of Kurtz’s page with many sharing similar experiences with the towing company. In response, the towing company has filed a defamation suit against the college student claiming $750,000 in damages. Kurtz’s story has also been detailed by USA Today and the Wall Street Journal Law Blog. In addition, Kurtz recently testified before the Michigan State Legislature which is considering a bill that would limit lawsuits like the action filed by the towing company.

= Failed Spin Edit

A sub-category of this is failed Spin, where attempts are made to downplay, rather than cover up, initial information (note that Spin itself has been covered up on Wikipedia, with the word Spin being made into a disambiguation page, and the phrase that inspired the scores of entertainment etc titles on the subject being moved to the bottom of the dab page):

  • On 4th January 2011, the Times newspaper reported that English Defence League (EDL) leader and co-founder Richard Price had pleaded guilty to possession of indecent images of children. EDL founder Tommy Robinson (Steven-Yaxley Lennon) then released a statement downplaying the nature of Price's crimes, and denied that Richard Price had ever been a leader of the EDL. However, a previous statement by Tommy Robinson dated June 4th 2010 confirmed that Richard Price was not only a member of the EDL leadership, but a co-founder of the EDL. Attempts by Tommy Robinson and the EDL to deny Price's position within the EDL only added to the outcry against Robinson's attempted cover-up and Price's crimes.[255]


No effect Edit

Something is there, someone tries to shut it down, it is restored. There is no reversal.


Trivial congruity Edit

Almost Backwards -A plaintiff sues for libel; the libel's potential audience was small, but the audience for the ensuing lawsuit was large. The only remaining elements of the "Streisand effect" are a "small audience" and a "later, larger audience".

  • In Januari 2011 a British man won a suit for libel against a museum locomotive club, because he was maltreated in the club newspaper. Only the members and 13 more people received this newspaper. The club must sell its assets and maybe close down to pay for this (£7,500 compensation and £335,000 legal cost). Major British newspapers featured the story.[257]


See alsoEdit

Wikipedia:Template:Wiktionary:Streisand effect


External links Edit


ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Canton, David. "Today's Business Law: Attempt to suppress can backfire", Wikipedia:London Free Press, November 5, 2005. Retrieved July 21, 2007
  2. “Is Leveraging the Streisand Effect Illegal?”, techdirt.com, July 13, 2006.
  3. Wayback Machine archive
  4. 4.0 4.1 Mugrabi, Sunshine (January 22, 2007). "YouTube—Censored? Offending Paula Abdul clips are abruptly taken down.". Red Herring. Archived from the original on February 18, 2007. http://replay.waybackmachine.org/20070218200850/http://www.redherring.com/Article.aspx?a=20872&hed=YouTube%E2%80%94Censored%3f. Retrieved July 21, 2007. "Another unintended consequence of this move could be that it extends the kerfuffle over Ms. Abdul's behavior rather than quelling it. Mr. Nguyen called this the 'Barbra Streisand effect', referring to that actress's insistence that paparazzi photos of her mansion not be used" 
  5. Josh Bernoff; Charlene Li (2008). "Groundswell: Winning in a World Transformed by Social Technologies". Boston, Mass: Harvard Business School Press. p. 7. Template:Citation/identifier. 
  6. Since When Is It Illegal to Just Mention a Trademark Online?, techdirt.com
  7. "Barbra Sues Over Aerial Photos | Wikipedia:The Smoking Gun". Wikipedia:The Smoking Gun. 2003-05-30. http://www.thesmokinggun.com/documents/celebrity/barbra-sues-over-aerial-photos. Retrieved 2010-11-22. 
  8. http://www.californiacoastline.org/streisand/lawsuit.html Link includes lawsuit filings. Streisand was ordered to pay $177,107.54 in court and legal fees. The site has an image of the $155,567.04 check Streisand paid for Adelman's legal fees.
  9. Tentative ruling, page 6, stating, "Image 3850 was download six times, twice to the Internet address of counsel for plaintiff." In addition, two prints of the picture were ordered — one by Streisand's counsel and one by Streisand's neighbor. http://www.californiacoastline.org/streisand/slapp-ruling-tentative.pdf
  10. Rogers, Paul (2003-06-24). "Photo of Streisand home becomes an Internet hit". Wikipedia:San Jose Mercury News, mirrored at californiacoastline.org. http://www.californiacoastline.org/news/sjmerc5.html. Retrieved 2007-06-15. 
  11. ://www.sanjeev.net/murphys-laws/murphys-laws-159.html Zymurgy's first law of evolving system dynamics
  12. Philip Elmer-Dewitt. "First Nation in Cyberspace. Time International, Wikipedia:6 December Wikipedia:1993, No. 49. See also Wikipedia:Wikiquote:John Gilmore.
  13. Irving Albert Leonard (1992), Books of the brave: being an account of books and of men in the Spanish Conquest and settlement of the sixteenth-century New World, University of California Press, p. 112, Template:Citation/identifier, http://books.google.com/books?id=VYVzjP42jmEC , Chapter 9, p 112
  14. Robert Justin Goldstein (2000), The war for the public mind: political censorship in nineteenth-century Europe, Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 119, Template:Citation/identifier, http://books.google.com/books?id=MaBEwU5XbXcC , Chapter 3, p 119
  15. "An astonishing number of stories related to HD-DVD encryption keys have gone missing in action from Wikipedia:digg.com ... Diggers are in open revolt against the moderators ... at this writing, about 283,000 pages contain the number ... There's a song. Several domain names including variations of the number have been reserved."kdawson (Wikipedia:May 1 Wikipedia:2007). "Digg.com Attempts To Suppress HD-DVD Revolt". http://yro.slashdot.org/yro/07/05/02/0235228.shtml. Retrieved 2007-05-01. 
  16. 16.0 16.1 Andy Greenberg (May 11, 2007). "The Streisand Effect". Wikipedia:Forbes. http://www.forbes.com/home/technology/2007/05/10/streisand-digg-web-tech-cx_ag_0511streisand.html. Retrieved 2008-02-29. "The phenomenon takes its name from Barbra Streisand, who made her own ill-fated attempt at reining in the Web in 2003. That's when environmental activist Kenneth Adelman posted aerial photos of Streisand's Malibu beach house on his Web site as part of an environmental survey, and she responded by suing him for $50 million. Until the lawsuit, few people had spotted Streisand's house, Adelman says—but the lawsuit brought more than a million visitors to Adelman's Web site, he estimates. Streisand's case was dismissed, and Adelman's photo was picked up by the Associated Press and reprinted in newspapers around the world." 
  17. Brad Stone (Wikipedia:May 3 Wikipedia:2007). "How a Number Became the Latest Web Celebrity.". Wikipedia:The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/05/03/technology/03code.html?_r=1&oref=slogin. Retrieved 2008-02-29. "Sophisticated Internet users have banded together over the last two days to publish and widely distribute a secret code used by the technology and movie industries to prevent piracy of high-definition movies." 
  18. kdawson (Wikipedia:May 1 Wikipedia:2007). "Digg.com Attempts To Suppress HD-DVD Revolt". http://yro.slashdot.org/yro/07/05/02/0235228.shtml. Retrieved 2007-05-01. 
  19. "Blog standard: Authoritarian governments can lock up bloggers. It is harder to outwit them". The Economist. 26 June 2008. http://www.economist.com/node/11622401. Retrieved 2010-12-06.  Wikipedia:Guilt by association hook: "WHAT do Barbra Streisand and the Tunisian president, Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali, have in common? They both tried to block material they dislike from appearing on the internet"
  20. Martin Ingram (Wikipedia:January 19 Wikipedia:2008). "Scientology vs. the Internet, part XVII". The Globe & Mail. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/story/RTGAM.20080118.WBmingram20080118144345/WBStory/WBmingram. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  21. 21.0 21.1 Arthur, Charles (2009-03-20). "The Streisand effect: Secrecy in the digital age". The Guardian. London. http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2009/mar/20/streisand-effect-internet-law. Retrieved 2010-03-31. 
  22. "The Streisand Effect: When Internet Censorship Backfires". Complex. 2009-07-24. http://www.complex.com/blogs/2009/07/24/the-streisand-effect-when-internet-censorship-backfires/. Retrieved 2010-04-27. 
  23. "What is 'The Streisand Effect'?". The Daily Telegraph. London. 2009-01-31. http://blogs.telegraph.co.uk/technology/miloyiannopoulos/8248311/What_is_The_Streisand_Effect/. Retrieved 2010-03-31. 
  24. "Church of Scientology warns Wikileaks over documents". 4 July 2008. http://en.wikinews.org/wiki/Church_of_Scientology_warns_Wikileaks_over_documents. 
  25. Various Sources (Wikipedia:January 19 Wikipedia:2008). "Church of Scientology collected Operating Thetan documents". Wikileaks. https://secure.wikileaks.org/wiki/Church_of_Scientology_collected_Operating_Thetan_documents. Retrieved 2008-03-24. 
  26. [1]
  27. Anonymous (Wikipedia:February 15 Wikipedia:2008). "Hundreds Of Clones Pour In". Enturbulation.org. http://forums.enturbulation.org/viewtopic.php?t=3414. Retrieved 2008-02-15. 
  28. [2]
  29. 29.0 29.1 Andersson, Jonas (2009). "FOR THE GOOD OF THE NET: THE PIRATE BAY AS A STRATEGIC SOVEREIGN". Wikipedia:Culture Machine VOL 10. http://svr91.edns1.com/~culturem/index.php/cm/article/viewFile/346/359. "If a link is removed, the most likely effect is that the removal will generate a backlash, where numerous other Internet actors will take over the file's circulation (this is commonly referred to as the 'Streisand effect')." 
  30. Schofield, Jack (8 December 2008). "Wikipedia page censored in the UK for 'child pornography'". Wikipedia:The Guardian. London: Wikipedia:Guardian Media Group. http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/blog/2008/dec/08/internet. Retrieved 9 December 2008. 
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Wikipedia:Template:unintended consequencesbg:Ефект на Страйсънд de:Streisand-Effekt es:Efecto Streisand eu:Streisand efektu fr:Effet Streisand gl:Efecto Streisand ko:스트라이샌드 효과 it:Effetto Streisand nl:Streisandeffect ja:ストライサンド効果 no:Streisand-effekten uz:Streisand samarasi pl:Efekt Streisand pt:Efeito Streisand ru:Эффект Стрейзанд fi:Streisandin ilmiö sv:Streisandeffekten uk:Ефект Стрейзанд zh:史翠珊效应

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